Canadian Military History Gateway
Date > 1500
Subject > Soldiers, Warriors and Leaders > Roles and Professions > Sailor
A fur cap and baggy breeches were characteristic items of clothing of English sailors during the late 16th century.
English disruption of Spanish power at sea helped force the decline of the Newfoundland fishery. English pirates made many attacks on the Basques.
A slide show presentation featuring the three voyages of Jacques Cartier. The first deals with navigational equipment and people on his crew. The second deals with artillery and the Natives he met. The last focuses on weapons and armour.
During the later 16th Century, large Basque fleets hunted whales off Labrador. Seasonal settlements supported this lucrative fishery.
There was sometimes fighting between the northern (French) Basques and the southern (Spanish) Basques. As well, war between France and Spain also affected the armed fishing fleets. The Inuit ashore were also hostile to the fishermen.