The Aroostook War

A Diplomatic Solution

Fortunately, no one really wanted a war, and in March a diplomatic truce provided for the withdrawal of troops while awaiting a negotiated solution. But other American incursions came in the summer and fall, and in November 1839 two companies of the 11th were sent once again to Lake Témiscouata. This time the British soldiers built a small wooden fort, called Fort Ingall (at Cabano, Quebec). The controversy was finally settled in August 1842 with the signing of a British-American treaty defining the border between Maine and British North America. The Americans were granted part of the disputed area but the military road remained part of the British colonies.

In Quebec there were no illusions about the peaceful intentions of the Americans. In November 1840 Colborne's replacement as commander-in-chief in British North America, Sir Richard Downes Jackson, considered that the new fortifications built by the Americans near the border were "evidently calculated to form a basis of offensive operations" 105 against Canada.