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Date > 1900 > 1950-1959

Officer cadet, Royal Military College of Canada, 1954

Type: Image

Except for a few details, the full dress uniform of officer cadets at the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario, remained essentially the same since the college was founded in 1874. As shown in this 1954 photo, only the shakos and pith helmets worn on parade by first-class officer-cadets disappeared, replaced by pill-box caps. (Canadian Department of National Defence, ZK-2049)

Site: National Defence

Avro CF-105 Arrow Mk.1, on its first flight, 1958

Type: Image

The Canadian-designed Avro CF-105 Arrow Mk.1 was the most advanced fighter in the world at that time, with a top speed of 1,324 knots (2,453 k/ph). It was expensive, however, and the government halted production. The five existing examples of this triumph of Canadian engineering were destroyed. All this stirred up such controversy that it remains a subject of passionate debate in the country more than 40 years later. (Canadian Department of National Defence, 82-384)

Site: National Defence

De Havilland Vampire Mk.III fighter, Royal Canadian Air Force

Type: Image

The de Havilland Vampire became the first jet fighter to serve in the Royal Canadian Air Force after 86 of them were received in 1946. Designed in Britain during the Second World War, the Vampire could reach speeds of 445 knots (825 km/h). It was retired in 1958. (Canadian Department of National Defence, PC-251)

Site: National Defence

Canadair CL-13 Sabre Mk VI fighter, 434 'Bluenose' Fighter Squadron, Royal Canadian Air Force, circa 1958-1962

Type: Image

This excellent American fighter was the main combat aircraft of the Canadian air force during the 1950s, capable of reaching speeds of 527 knots (975 km/h). Canadair made large numbers of North American F-86s in Montreal as the CL-13, using Canadian Orenda engines that were more powerful than the American engines. The Canadian flag replaced the tricolour strip on the rear aileron in 1954. (Canadian Department of National Defence, PCN-2664)

Site: National Defence

HMCS Labrador, Modified Wind-class Arctic patrol vessel, Royal Canadian Navy, 1954

Type: Image

HMCS Labrador was the first ship to circumnavigate North America. In 1954 the ship transited the Northwest Passage and returned to Halifax through the Panama Canal. She served from 1954 to 1957. (Canadian Department of National Defence, CT 553)

Site: National Defence

HMCS Magnificent, Majestic-class light fleet carrier, Royal Canadian Navy, 1957

Type: Image

Formed in 1945, the Royal Canadian Naval Air Arm began operations in 1946 with the aircraft carrier HMCS Warrior, soon to be replaced by HMCS Magnificent, which served from 1948 to 1957 and is shown here at Port Said, Egypt, in 1957. (DND, CT 457)

Site: National Defence

Avro Lancaster MK.10MP maritime patrol aircraft, 107 Rescue Unit, Royal Canadian Air Force

Type: Image

Lancaster bombers were converted into reconnaissance aircraft after the Second World War and remained in service until 1956. Starting in 1947, Lancasters photographed 3.5 million sq. mi. (5.6 million sq. km.) in the Canadian North and Arctic and established the first accurate maps of these immense areas. (DND, PCN-2950)

Site: National Defence

HMCS Bonaventure, Modified Majestic-class light fleet carrier, Royal Canadian Navy

Type: Image

HMCS Bonaventure was Canada's last aircraft carrier. Commissioned in 1956, the 'Bonnie' incorporated an angled flight deck and a steam catapult. Capable of Arctic operations, the ship carried McDonnell F2H-3 Banshee jet fighters, de Havilland Canada CS2F-2 Tracker anti-submarine warfare aircraft and Sikorsky CHSS-2 Sea King helicopters while in service from 1957 to 1969. (Canadian Department of National Defence, EKS-203)

Site: National Defence

The Quebec Citadel, circa 1950

Type: Image

Built between 1828 and 1856, the Quebec Citadel has remained largely the same ever since, as this 1950s picture shows. It is now the regimental HQ of the Royal 22e Régiment / Royal 22nd Regiment - the famous 'Van Doos'. (Library of the Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, Kap'yong, Korea, 24-25 April 1951

Type: Image

On 24 and 25 April 1951, the 2nd Battalion of the 'Princess Pats' fought day and night to repel repeated attacks on Kap'yong by the Chinese 118th Division. This action stopped the Chinese advance on Seoul, the Korean capital. Impressed by such gallantry and tenacity, the U.S. president awarded the battalion the American Distinguished Unit Citation, which it has worn ever since. (United States Army Center of Military History, Washington)

Site: National Defence