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Resource Type > Image

Date > 1600 > 1680-1689

Subject > Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications

'Cat of nine tails' whip

Type: Image

The ‘cat of nine tails’ was a whip used to flog soldiers. This one was used in the British 83rd Regiment of Foot. The length of the wooden stick was 43cm (1' 5"), its tails 53cm (1' 9"), and it weighed 141,75 g. (5 ounces). (Library of the Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Parks Canada National Photo Collection

Type: Image

This impressive photo collection gives you a chance to see more than 40 000 beautiful images of Canada's national parks, national historic sites and national marine conservation areas. Search by keyword, type of heritage area, province or territory, name of heritage area.

Site: Parks Canada

Sergeant, drummer and soldier, Compagnies franches de la Marine, New France, 1685-1700

Type: Image

On the left, a sergeant wears a grey-white uniform with a red lining and red stockings (particular to sergeants of the Compagnies franches de la Marine at this time). He carries a halbard, the distinctive weapon of sergeants in European armies. The drummer in the centre wears a uniform in the colours of the royal livery. At right, a common solder wears a grey-white uniform lined and faced with blue, the distinctive colour of the Troupes de la Marine. His hat is trimmed with imitation gold braid: a blend of brass wire and yellow cord. He is armed with a musket, bayonet and sword. Reconstructions by Michel Pétard. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

A military expedition moving by canoe

Type: Image

The rivers provided easy routes for military expeditions in New France, thanks to the birch bark canoe.

Site: National Defence

The Château Saint-Louis and its fort at Quebec in 1683

Type: Image

The walls of the fort on Cap-Diamant were built in 1636 and stood until they were torn down in 1693. This contemporary print of 1683 shows the first Château Saint-Louis standing within the walls. It was built in 1647 and demolished in 1694 to build a larger building of the same name. In 1690, the second Château was the site of Count Frontenac’s celebrated response to a summons to surrender: "I will reply from the muzzle of my cannons". During the 1690 siege, the fort acted as the keystone of Quebec’s defences. The houses on the right side of this print border the narrow way down to the Lower Town, now called Petit-Champlain street.

Site: National Defence