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Resource Type > Image

Date > 1600

Subject > Armed Forces > Military Ceremony and Honours

Drummer, régiment de Carignan-Salières, 1665-1668

Type: Image

This reconstruction by Michel Pétard shows a drummer of the régiment de Carignan-Salières during the regiment's service in New France. He is wearing the livery of the princes of Carignan. The Carignan coat of arms is painted on his drum; the central shield of the arms shows a white cross on a red field. The drummer's role was to communicate the orders of his commander through patterns of drum beats. (Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Militiamen raising the May pole in front of their captain’s house

Type: Image

The tradition of raising the May pole in front of the Militia captain's house, which began in the era of New France, went on in French Canada until the middle of the 19th century.

Site: National Defence

La Salle claims Louisiana for France

Type: Image

Robert Cavelier de La Salle is shown taking part in a ceremony where he claimed Louisiana for France on 6 April 1682, after having descended the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico. Even in the wilderness, the ceremony was done in full regalia with all the formalities.

Site: National Defence

Cross of Malta carved in a stone bearing the date 1647

Type: Image

When the Château Saint-Louis in Quebec was built, this Cross of Malta was carved in a stone bearing the date 1647. Charles Huault de Montmagny was governor at that time. He was knight of the Order of Malta as was at least one other of his officers in Canada. The stone was found in 1784 during renovations to the governor’s residence and eventually incorporated into a courtyard entrance of the Château Frontenac Hotel.

Site: National Defence

Guardsman, bodyguard of the Marquis de Tracy, 1665-1667

Type: Image

This man-at-arms is one of 17 personal bodyguards responsible for the Marquis de Tracy between 1665 and 1667 during his time as Governor General of New France. By specific decree of the King, de Tracy's guard wore tabards similar to those of the Musketeers of the Royal Guard. These were blue, lined with red and decorated with white crosses and trim. This is the costume made famous in the novel 'The Three Musketeers' by Alexandre Dumas. Reconstruction by Michel Pétard. (Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Officer with regimental colour, régiment de Carignan-Salières, 1665

Type: Image

The regiment's Colours were in the livery colours of the Prince of Carignan which were red lined with blue. The regimental uniform was brown with grey facings. Print issued on the 300th anniversary of the founding of Trois-Rivières in 1934.

Site: National Defence

French flags, circa 1690

Type: Image

This 17th century illustration shows four French flags that would be seen at sea and on land. At upper left is the solid white flag used by the French crown (and hence by the French army and navy). At upper and lower right are two variations on the blue and white flag that was ordered for the French merchant navy in 1661. The white pennant seen in the lower left was used to help distinguish different squadrons in a French fleet. Each would fly this pennant on a different mast. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville et d’Ardillières (1661-1706)

Type: Image

Born Pierre Le Moyne, the Canadian-born officer known best as 'd’Iberville' was the most eminent soldier born in New France. This 19th century print is based on a contemporary portrait painted some time after Le Moyne d'Iberville was made a chevalier of the Order of Saint-Louis in 1699. The white cross of the order can be seen on his breast.

Site: National Defence

Colonel's colour (left) and company colour (right) of the Compagnies franches de la Marine, 18th century

Type: Image

The Latin motto of the Compagnies franches de la Marine, 'Per Mare et Terras', means 'on land and sea'. The device in the centre represents a thunderbolt. Reconstruction by Michel Pétard. (Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Massachusetts troops, around 1690

Type: Image

This reconstruction shows some of the defenders of the English colony of Massachusetts, circa 1690. On the left is seen a militiaman; at left centre, an ensign is carrying a company flag of the Boston Regiment; in the middle stands an officer with sword and spontoon; at right, a cavalryman is wearing a cuirass and helmet. Reconstruction by David Rickman. (Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence