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Resource Type > Image

Subject > Wars, Battles and Conflicts

Date > 1800 > 1870-1879

Officer cadet, Royal Military College of Canada, 1954

Type: Image

Except for a few details, the full dress uniform of officer cadets at the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario, remained essentially the same since the college was founded in 1874. As shown in this 1954 photo, only the shakos and pith helmets worn on parade by first-class officer-cadets disappeared, replaced by pill-box caps. (Canadian Department of National Defence, ZK-2049)

Site: National Defence

Private, Canadian Volunteer Militia, 1863-1870

Type: Image

This volunteer wears the full dress uniform authorized for the Canadian Volunteer Militia in 1863. Few units would have worn the shako shown in this image, substituting the inexpensive (and far more comfortable) forage cap. The style is generally similar to that worn by British regular infantry, with the white-metal buttons and badges commonly used by militia units within the British empire. Reconstruction by Ron Volstad. (Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Lower Fort Garry, 1870

Type: Image

This fort was occupied by Colonel Wolseley’s Red River Expedition in late August 1870. (Library and Archives Canada, C-114461)

Site: National Defence

Canadian Illustrated News - Plan of the Attack on Elmina (The Ashantee War)

Type: Image

Drawing of the plan of attack on Elmina during the Ashantee War.

Site: Library and Archives Canada

Royal Military College cadet, 1876

Type: Image

This was the uniform of a Royal Military College cadet at the time of the opening of the college in 1876. The graduates of RMC enlisted in both the Permanent and Volunteer Militia, as well as the North-West Mounted Police. Print after Henri Julien in the 'Canadian Illustrated News' (Montreal), 17 June 1876.

Site: National Defence

Canadian Illustrated News - Turco-Russian War. Battle of Jahnilar, Aug. 18

Type: Image

Illustration of the battle of Jahnilar during the Turco-Russian War.

Site: Library and Archives Canada

Military Encampment of Canadian Volunteer Militia at Fort Wellington, Prescott (Ontario), 1870

Type: Image

The Fenian Raids led to the mobilization of about 13,500 Canadian volunteer militiamen during the summer of 1870. The militia were stationed along Canada’s border with the United States. A group of Fenians at Malone, near Ogdensburg (New York), had planned to attack Prescott but their hopes were shattered. Some 300 Canadian volunteer militiamen accompanied by field artillery arrived to occupy Fort Wellington. Nearby Brockville had 200 men and another 800 with field artillery were stationed at Cornwall. The Fenians cancelled their plans. (Library and Archives Canada, C-040161)

Site: National Defence

Canadian Illustrated News - Sir Garnet Wolseley Receiving News From the Front - The Ashantee War

Type: Image

A soldier of the Ashanti War delivers news from the front.

Site: Library and Archives Canada

Aspects of a summer training camp for volunteer militia units, 1875

Type: Image

Each summer, a part of the Canadian Militia was gathered to spend 12 days at a training camp. The camps were supposed to supplement regular drills at each unit's home base. Lack of money meant that regiments outside the cities could go for long periods without attending a camp. This 1875 illustration shows scenes taken from one such camp.

Site: National Defence

Canadian Illustrated News - McMahon on the Battle-Field of Sedant (The War)

Type: Image

Drawing of McMahon on the battlefield of Sedant.

Site: Library and Archives Canada