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Date > 1800 > 1840-1849

Subject > Armed Forces > Military Intelligence and Espionage

Franklin's Tragic Expedition

Type: Document

In 1845, a large well-equipped Royal Navy expedition under Sir John Franklin left for the Arctic. They disappeared, and their fate was a great mystery for many years. Eventually, it was discovered that all involved had died, marching south from their ice-bound ships.

Site: National Defence

The Purported Russian Threat

Type: Document

When the Crimean War between Britain and Russia broke out in 1854, Governor Douglas of Vancouver Island sent frantic requests for troops, ships and weapons to defend against the Russian colony in Alaska. He was ignored in London, and no fighting took place on the Pacific coast.

Site: National Defence

A Series of Expeditions

Type: Document

Several Royal Navy expeditions explored the Arctic during the 19th century. The captain of one of them discovered the existence of the magnetic North Pole during the early 1830s. During this time, contacts were established with the local Inuit population.

Site: National Defence