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Date > 1800 > 1840-1849

Subject > Armed Forces

Resource Type > Image

Officer and gunner, Royal Regiment of Artillery, 1840

Type: Image

This unit always had several companies posted in Canada during the 18th and 19th centuries. In 1840 for example, officers and men wearing the uniforms shown could be seen in Halifax, St. John’s (Newfoundland), St. John (New Brunswick), Quebec, Montreal, Chambly, Drummondville, Kingston and Toronto with detachments in smaller towns and outlying forts.

Site: National Defence

Private Charles Traveller, 70th (the Surrey) Regiment of Foot, 1841

Type: Image

This self-portrait of Charles Traveller, a soldier of the 70th (the Surrey) Regiment of Foot, is one of the few known paintings by a common soldier of the era. Traveller, shown accompanied by his dog, painted the picture in Laprairie in 1841. At the rear, from left to right: the soldiers' barracks (resembling a barn), the officers' barracks (resembling a villa), the light infantry and grenadier companies of the 70th in ranks, the guardhouse and the regimental band. Traveller wears the winter dress uniform of a private of the light company of the 70th. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

23rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Welsh Fuziliers), 1838-1853

Type: Image

The 23rd Foot served in various places in Canada between 1838 and 1853. Its regimental mascot is a goat, a tradition that has since been adopted by its allied Canadian regiment, the Royal 22e Régiment. From left to right: a private, a pioneer, the drum-major and two officers. Note the traditional black silk ribbon worn at the back of the collar by the officers of this regiment. (Library of the Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Private, service dress, Colored Infantry Company, Upper Canada Incorporated Militia, 1843-1850

Type: Image

Raised in 1838, the Colored Infantry Company recruited from Blacks in Upper Canada was the only provincial unit on duty between 1843 the unit's disbanding in 1850. It served mainly along the American border in the Niagara area. Besides the service dress shown, these Black Canadian soldiers also had the shako and scarlet coat trimmed with white lace for full dress as in the British infantry. Reconstruction by Garth Dittrick. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

Officer's riding school, circa 1840

Type: Image

Not all officers knew how to ride properly and so had to be trained. During the late 1830s and early 1840s, the British army also had facilities for training cavalry units in Chambly.

Site: National Defence

Militiamen raising the May pole in front of their captain’s house

Type: Image

The tradition of raising the May pole in front of the Militia captain's house, which began in the era of New France, went on in French Canada until the middle of the 19th century.

Site: National Defence

Officer, 7th, or Queen’s Own Regiment of Hussars, 1842

Type: Image

The 7th Hussars was one of the few British cavalry regiments that served in Canada. It left Ireland in May 1838 and arrived at Montreal in June. In November 1838, it was deployed with other troops against the Patriotes in the Beauharnois area, near Montreal. The regiment remained at Montreal and Laprairie until 1843 when it went back to Britain. As can be seen in the illustration, hussar officers had a magnificent (and expensive) uniform that featured much gold lace and cords. The pelisse (the fur-trimmed jacket) of the 7th Hussars was blue until 1842 when it was changed to scarlet. (Library of the Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Grenadier, 24th (the 2nd Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot, 1840

Type: Image

This grenadier wears the summer full dress uniform. White trousers were worn in summer, dark grey with red piping in winter. A detachment of the 24th fought at Saint-Denis in November 1837. The Incorporated Militia units raised in Canada during 1837-1838 had similar uniforms. The Canadians had their cuffs and collars in dark blue instead of green. (Library of the Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Sir George Augustus Wetherall (1788-1868)

Type: Image

Lieutenant-Colonel Wetherall, 1st, or The Royal Regiment of Foot, won the battle of St. Charles on 25 November 1837. This print shows him later in life, in the uniform of a British general. (Library of the Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

'Cat of nine tails' whip

Type: Image

The ‘cat of nine tails’ was a whip used to flog soldiers. This one was used in the British 83rd Regiment of Foot. The length of the wooden stick was 43cm (1' 5"), its tails 53cm (1' 9"), and it weighed 141,75 g. (5 ounces). (Library of the Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence