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Date > 1800

Subject > Wars, Battles and Conflicts > British Colonial Period, 1760-1867

Organization > Canadian War Museum

Canada within the Empire - The Fenian Raids. 1841-1871

Type: Document

Following the American Civil War, the Fenian Brotherhood, largely composed of Irish-American veterans, sought to achieve Ireland’s independence from Britain by capturing Canada as a hostage. Canada's permanent militia units defeated the Fenians until the movement collapsed after 1871.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canada within the Empire - Rebellions in the Canadas. 1837-1841

Type: Document

In 1837, rebellions in Upper and Lower Canada erupted against the British colonial government. Both rebellions were unsuccessful.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canada within the Empire - The War of 1812: Invasion Repelled. 1812-1813

Type: Document

In June 1812, the United States declared war on Great Britain. The resulting War of 1812 was fought largely on Canadian territory, especially along the Niagara frontier.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canada within the Empire - The War of 1812: Canada Saved. 1813-1814

Type: Document

In 1814, England and the United States signed the Treaty of Ghent. American attempts to invade Canada since 1812 had failed.

Site: Canadian War Museum