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Date > 1800

Subject > Armed Forces > Military Ceremony and Honours > Awards, Decorations and Medals

Weapons

Type: Document

This section illustrates a selection of firearms and bladed weapons used by British and Canadian military units during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Site: National Defence

Duties and Honours

Type: Document

British army officers were primarily responsible for supervising the activities of their men. The British took up the practice of awarding military medals only in the nineteenth century. First for officers only, then for all ranks, campaign medals became a source of great pride.

Site: National Defence

Canadian Victoria Cross Winners - South African War

Type: Document

During the South African War, Victoria Crosses were awarded for rescuing fellow soldiers under enemy fire, rear-guard action at Leliefontein, and for service in the Medical Corps.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Sir James Henry Craig, Governor General of Canada

Type: Image

Craig (1748-1812), was Governor General of Canada from 1807 to 1811. His term was a stormy one, but he had many friends and admirerers in the colony, something shown by the brisk sale in Canada of prints portraying him. Sir James is shown wearing the uniform of a British general, with the star of the Order of the Bath on his breast. (Library and Archives Canada, C-024888)

Site: National Defence

Sir Eugene Fiset returns to service…

Type: Document

Eugene Fiset is an example of a unique French Canadian officer who rose to high rank and distinguished recognition while serving his country in the Boer War. He later rose to the position of Director General of the Army Medical Service. Following military service he was a Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence, a Major-General, a Member of Parliament, and finally the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec.

Site: National Defence

Lieutenant-Colonel Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry, Canadian Voltigeurs, circa 1813-1815

Type: Image

De Salaberry (1778-1829) was a veteran officer of the British army, with service in the West Indies and the Netherlands. He belonged to one of the most influential families in French Canada. The family enjoyed a long-standing friendship with Prince Edward Augustus, the Duke of Kent and future King William IV. The prince's influence got the young Canadian his first commission, with the 60th (Royal American) Regiment of Foot. De Salaberry raised the Provincial Corps of Light Infantry (Canadian Voltigeurs) in 1812 and won lasting fame in Canada when 300-400 of his troops defeated an American army of over 5,000 men at Châteauguay on 26 November 1813. This engraving, made after the War of 1812, shows de Salaberry in the uniform of an officer of the Canadian Voltigeurs. The circular medal he wears is the Field Officers Gold Medal, a very rare award at the time. This medal of de Salaberry's is in the collection of the Canadian War Museum today. (Library and Archives Canada, C-009226)

Site: National Defence

Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas D.B. Evans (1860- 1908) - South African War

Type: Document

Under Lieutenant-Colonel T.D.B. Evans' leadership the Canadian Mounted Rifles carried out some very successful actions, including the seizure of a key hill at Leliefontein on 7 November 1900 that prevented the Boers from trapping a British force.

Site: Canadian War Museum

The War - An Overview - South African War

Type: DocumentImage

Canadians first saw combat in the South Africa in February 1900 and subsequently distinguished themselves in various roles throughout the remainder of the war. This overview briefly recounts the highlights of Canada's participation in that war and names recipients of the Victoria Cross and the Royal Red Cross medals.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

The Queen's South Africa Medal - Awards for Service in the South African War

Type: Document

All members of British or colonial forces who served in South Africa during the actual period of hostilities, 11 October 1899 to 31 May 1902, qualified for the Queen's South Africa Medal.

Site: Canadian War Museum

The Metis’s Revenge

Type: Document

Middleton was impressed by the courage of the Metis, fighting what he believed was a lost cause. But the true battle had been for the political recognition of the Métis people. Middleton himself was pilloried for his cautious military approach and later left Canada under a cloud of almost universal disapproval.

Site: National Defence