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Date > 1800

Subject > Armed Forces > Military Life > Living Conditions

Resource Type > Image

Interior of soldiers' barracks at St. Andrews by-the-Sea, New Brunswick, 1854

Type: Image

Painted by a British officer of the 76th Regiment of Foot, this watercolour of the 1850s confirms that open fireplaces still heated some barracks, despite wood stoves being introduced in the 1840s. The man at centre wears a grey military greatcoat, while others wear the red regimental coat. At right can be seen several soldier's beds, each with storage above for a knapsack, clothing and accoutrements. (Library and Archives Canada, C-008404)

Site: National Defence

Canadian infantry barracks room, circa 1890

Type: Image

A rare glimpse into life as it was in a Canadian infantry barracks room during a winter evening in about 1890. Some men are shown cleaning their kit, the floor or a Snider-Enfield infantry rifle, one is being shaved, another trims his moustache and one is reading. The barracks furniture features the British iron folding bed and barrack table with iron legs. The men’s uniforms and equipment are neatly hung or shelved and a stove, essential in a Canadian winter, is prominent. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

British Army folding iron barrack bed

Type: Image

This type of bed gradually replaced wooden double bunks from 1824. Every day, the bed was folded and the mattress rolled up for inspection. Army Circular Memorandum of 12 June 1860.

Site: National Defence

Officers in the mess, circa 1850

Type: Image

The regimental officers' mess was something of a social centre and a military version of a private gentlemen’s club. By pooling their resources together, the officers could thus indulge in some of life's small luxuries such as good wines and pleasant surroundings.

Site: National Defence

A tent village of Assiniboine Indians in the 1830s

Type: Image

Amerindians in the great plains, being nomads, lodged in these easily movable conical tents made of long rods and animal hides.

Site: National Defence

Men's Barracks, Lower Fort Garry. Winter of 1857-1858

Type: Image

This is the men's barracks of the Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment, as seen from the officer’s mess room window at Lower Fort Garry, during the winter of 1857-1858. Following incursions into Canadian territory by American troops, a company of this regiment was sent from Montreal in July 1857 via York Factory. It was at Fort Garry by early October and remained in garrison until 1861. Watercolour by the detachment's commander, Major George Seton. (Library and Archives Canada, C-001066)

Site: National Defence