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Compagnies franches de la Marine (Warships)

Type: Document

The names of troops raised by the French Ministry of Marine often confuse people. There were separate units of Compagnies franches de la Marine to serve aboard warships. These troops had nothing to do with the Compagnies franches found in Canada.

Site: National Defence

The Budding Explorer: Samuel de Champlain: Activity

Type: Interactive Resource

Help the ghost of Samuel de Champlain regain his memory of Canada`s national historic sites in an interactive game for younger children.

Site: Parks Canada

European Tactics: Impractical In Canada

Type: Document

French officers realized that the battlefield tactics of European warfare, dictated by the limited effectiveness of contemporary firearms, would not be enough to defend Canada against an attach by the British. There were not enough defenders to overcome an attack in this way.

Site: National Defence

The Royal Navy

Type: Document

As an island state, Britain gave priority to its navy. The Admiralty (the appointed committee of admirals which made all strategic decisions) governed hundreds of ships worldwide. The Royal Navy used its bases in Canada to help control the Northern Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

Site: National Defence

Signal Hill National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

This historic site celebrates the rich communications and military history of Signal Hill and sits amidst a spectacular view of St. John's and the sea.

Site: Parks Canada

Navy Bombardiers

Type: Document

The French Navy had its own units of artillery, serving shipboard and on land as needed. Detachments from these were to be found at times in New France.

Site: National Defence

Changes in Weapons

Type: Interactive Resource

Illustrations and descriptions of various British, French and American firearms used in North America from the 16th century till the end of the 19th century.

Site: National Defence

Navy Troops in the West Indies

Type: Document

The French Ministry of the Navy maintained a small colonial army to protect French possessions in the West Indies and Guyana.

Site: National Defence

A military expedition moving by canoe

Type: Image

The rivers provided easy routes for military expeditions in New France, thanks to the birch bark canoe.

Site: National Defence

An Improved Volunteer Militia

Type: Document

Motivated by the Fenian raids of 1866, Canada made a number of attempts to improve its Volunteer Militia. In particular, the volunteers were given training camps in which to learn their job alongside British regular troops. Modern weapons were also found to equip the troops.

Site: National Defence