The walls of the fort on Cap-Diamant were built in 1636 and stood until they were torn down in 1693. This contemporary print of 1683 shows the first Château Saint-Louis standing within the walls. It was built in 1647 and demolished in 1694 to build a larger building of the same name. In 1690, the second Château was the site of Count Frontenac’s celebrated response to a summons to surrender: "I will reply from the muzzle of my cannons". During the 1690 siege, the fort acted as the keystone of Quebec’s defences. The houses on the right side of this print border the narrow way down to the Lower Town, now called Petit-Champlain street.