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New France Expands

Type: Document

A series of journeys by French explorers into the interior of North America was followed by the growth of a strong French presence in Louisiana and Illinois. A strong military presence administered and oversaw the new regions.

Site: National Defence

Soldiers and Militia - Fort Chambly

Type: Document

A brief description of the soldiers and militiamen who served at various times in the history of Fort Chambly: the Carignan-Salières Regiment, the Compagnies Franches de la Marine, and the Canadian Militia.

Site: Parks Canada

War and the Foundation of Canada - New France’s Militarized Society

Type: Document

From 1650 to 1760, French settlements in Québec City, Montréal, and Trois-Rivières created a society organized for war. Under the order of Louis XIV, King of France, every man underwent mandatory military training. Supported by allies of the First Peoples and a small garrison of professional soldiers, the Canadien militia formed the backbone of the colony’s military forces until the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763).

Site: Canadian War Museum