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Subject > Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications > Fortified Sites

Date > 1900 > 1950-1959

York Factory National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

Visitors to York Factory National Historic Site of Canada can experience the diverse history of the Hudson's Bay Company and the fur trade of the 1600-1800s.

Site: Parks Canada

York Redoubt - History

Type: Document

In 1793, at the outbreak of war between Britain and revolutionary France, harbour batteries were hastily erected to secure Halifax from attack by sea. In the 19th century York Redoubt and the Citadel used signal flags to keep each other informed of ships' movements. During the First World War, the site was used as barracks for assigned infantry and for troops waiting to go overseas. Early in the Second World War, the Redoubt was the nerve centre for harbour defences, and included an anti-submarine net. York Redoubt remained in military use until 1956.

Site: Parks Canada

History of Fort McNab National Historic Site

Type: Document

Brief history of this National Historic Site on McNabs Island, Nova Scotia. For three-quarters of a century Fort McNab served as a gun battery and as the gatekeeper of Halifax Harbour. From the days of John A. MacDonald until the days of John Diefenbaker, Fort McNab guarded the outer channels to the harbour. Through two world wars it housed the port's Examination Station and was responsible for the crucial task of checking ships to ensure that they did not pose a risk to port security.

Site: Parks Canada

The Quebec Citadel, circa 1950

Type: Image

Built between 1828 and 1856, the Quebec Citadel has remained largely the same ever since, as this 1950s picture shows. It is now the regimental HQ of the Royal 22e Régiment / Royal 22nd Regiment - the famous 'Van Doos'. (Library of the Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

History of Fort St. Joseph National Historic Site

Type: Document

A brief history of this National Historic Site located on St. Joseph Island from the time the fort was constructed in 1797 until archaeological work was done in the 1970s. From a military standpoint, Fort St. Joseph played a defensive role - its primary purpose being to protect the fur trade from the Americans. Its role in the War of 1812 is also examined.

Site: Parks Canada

National Historic Site - York Redoubt

Type: Document

Established in 1793 on a bluff overlooking the harbour entrance, and expanded in the 19th and 20th centuries, York Redoubt was a key element in the defence of Halifax Harbour. This historic site is part of the Halifax Defence Complex.

Site: Parks Canada

York Factory National Historic Site of Canada : Commemorative Intent Statement

Type: Document

York Factory is commemorated for its critical role in the French-English struggle on Hudson Bay for control of the fur trade, as an important Hudson's Bay Company trading post and entrepôt (See definition below) for over two and one half centuries, and for its role in the expansion of the fur trade into the interior of western Canada.

Site: Parks Canada

Fort Rodd Hill National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

This historic site commemorates the national significance of the Victoria-Esquimalt coast artillery fortress in the defence of Victoria and the naval base at Esquimalt harbour, as part of the larger defence strategy of the British Empire and Canada, 1878 to 1956. Website has visitor information and links to related sites.

Site: Parks Canada

York Factory National Historic Site of Canada : Human History

Type: Document

Between 1684 and its closing 273 years later in 1957, York Factory served as a trading post, distribution point and administrative centre for a vast network of fur posts throughout the West.

Site: Parks Canada

History of Fort Rodd Hill National Historic Site

Type: Document

Brief description of Fort Rodd Hill, a coast artillery fort built in the late 1890s to defend Victoria and the Esquimalt Naval Base. The fort includes three gun batteries, underground magazines, command posts, guardhouses, barracks and searchlight emplacements.

Site: Parks Canada