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Subject > Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications > Fortified Sites

Date > 1900 > 1930-1939

Belmont Battery at Fort Rodd Hill, British Columbia

Type: Image

Built in 1898-1900 to protect the entrance to the Royal Navy (and later the Royal Canadian Navy) base on the Pacific, the battery has been restored to its appearance during the Second World War 1939-45. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

York Factory National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

Visitors to York Factory National Historic Site of Canada can experience the diverse history of the Hudson's Bay Company and the fur trade of the 1600-1800s.

Site: Parks Canada

Carleton Martello Tower National Historic Site of Canada: The War of 1812

Type: Document

It is June of 1812, and the United States has declared war on Great Britain! Tension has been simmering between these two nations for many years and for many reasons.

Site: Parks Canada

York Redoubt - History

Type: Document

In 1793, at the outbreak of war between Britain and revolutionary France, harbour batteries were hastily erected to secure Halifax from attack by sea. In the 19th century York Redoubt and the Citadel used signal flags to keep each other informed of ships' movements. During the First World War, the site was used as barracks for assigned infantry and for troops waiting to go overseas. Early in the Second World War, the Redoubt was the nerve centre for harbour defences, and included an anti-submarine net. York Redoubt remained in military use until 1956.

Site: Parks Canada

Fort McNab National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

Brief description of this National Historic Site on McNabs Island, near Halifax, Nova Scotia. Now grassy ruins, the fort once served as a key element of harbour defence from 1888 to the Second World War. Website has visitor information and links to maps and other related sites.

Site: Parks Canada

Signal Hill National Historic Site of Canada: History

Type: Document

With its obvious strategic location, Signal Hill became the site of harbour defences from the 18th century through the Second World War. The last battle of the Seven Years' War in North America was fought here in 1762.

Site: Parks Canada

History of Fort McNab National Historic Site

Type: Document

Brief history of this National Historic Site on McNabs Island, Nova Scotia. For three-quarters of a century Fort McNab served as a gun battery and as the gatekeeper of Halifax Harbour. From the days of John A. MacDonald until the days of John Diefenbaker, Fort McNab guarded the outer channels to the harbour. Through two world wars it housed the port's Examination Station and was responsible for the crucial task of checking ships to ensure that they did not pose a risk to port security.

Site: Parks Canada

The Quebec Citadel, circa 1950

Type: Image

Built between 1828 and 1856, the Quebec Citadel has remained largely the same ever since, as this 1950s picture shows. It is now the regimental HQ of the Royal 22e Régiment / Royal 22nd Regiment - the famous 'Van Doos'. (Library of the Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Carleton Martello Tower National Historic Site of Canada: Commemorative Intent

Type: Document

Carleton Martello Tower is of national significance because it was built for the defense of Saint John during the War of 1812-1814. It is also significant as a unique type of military architecture known as a Martello tower.

Site: Parks Canada

History of Fort St. Joseph National Historic Site

Type: Document

A brief history of this National Historic Site located on St. Joseph Island from the time the fort was constructed in 1797 until archaeological work was done in the 1970s. From a military standpoint, Fort St. Joseph played a defensive role - its primary purpose being to protect the fur trade from the Americans. Its role in the War of 1812 is also examined.

Site: Parks Canada