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Subject > Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications > Fortified Sites

Date > 1900 > 1910-1919

Belmont Battery at Fort Rodd Hill, British Columbia

Type: Image

Built in 1898-1900 to protect the entrance to the Royal Navy (and later the Royal Canadian Navy) base on the Pacific, the battery has been restored to its appearance during the Second World War 1939-45. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

History of Fort Wellington National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

This web page is devoted to the history of Fort Wellington from its construction as a defensive fortification on the St. Lawrence River to its designation as a National Historic Site in 1925.

Site: Parks Canada

York Factory National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

Visitors to York Factory National Historic Site of Canada can experience the diverse history of the Hudson's Bay Company and the fur trade of the 1600-1800s.

Site: Parks Canada

Carleton Martello Tower National Historic Site of Canada: The War of 1812

Type: Document

It is June of 1812, and the United States has declared war on Great Britain! Tension has been simmering between these two nations for many years and for many reasons.

Site: Parks Canada

York Redoubt - History

Type: Document

In 1793, at the outbreak of war between Britain and revolutionary France, harbour batteries were hastily erected to secure Halifax from attack by sea. In the 19th century York Redoubt and the Citadel used signal flags to keep each other informed of ships' movements. During the First World War, the site was used as barracks for assigned infantry and for troops waiting to go overseas. Early in the Second World War, the Redoubt was the nerve centre for harbour defences, and included an anti-submarine net. York Redoubt remained in military use until 1956.

Site: Parks Canada

Fort Battleford National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

Fort Battleford, in northern Saskatchewan, showcases the role of the North West Mounted Police in the Canadian West. The fort was established in 1876 and abandoned in 1924. This website has visitor information and links to an online guided tour and related sites.

Site: Parks Canada

Fort McNab National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

Brief description of this National Historic Site on McNabs Island, near Halifax, Nova Scotia. Now grassy ruins, the fort once served as a key element of harbour defence from 1888 to the Second World War. Website has visitor information and links to maps and other related sites.

Site: Parks Canada

Signal Hill National Historic Site of Canada: History

Type: Document

With its obvious strategic location, Signal Hill became the site of harbour defences from the 18th century through the Second World War. The last battle of the Seven Years' War in North America was fought here in 1762.

Site: Parks Canada

Imperial Control Sundered

Type: Document

In 1900, Canada raised the 3rd (Special Service) Battalion of the Royal Canadian Regiment (RCR) to replace the British garrison in Halifax. The last British garrisons of Halifax and Esquimalt were withdrawn from Canada in 1905 and 1906. The Militia Council, formed in 1904, took control of the militia from British command. A decision was taken to establish a unique Canadian military identity, reflected in distinct uniforms and a different rifle from British imperial troops.

Site: National Defence

History of Fort Anne National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

As the focal point for French and British settlement and as the seat of government of Acadia and then Nova Scotia, Fort Anne National Historic Site played an important role in Canadian history. The site was the scene of numerous battles as France and England fought for control of North America in the 17th and 18th centuries. This website features a discussion of the fort's historical significance.

Site: Parks Canada