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Subject > Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications > Fortified Sites

Date > 1900

Organization > National Defence

Belmont Battery at Fort Rodd Hill, British Columbia

Type: Image

Built in 1898-1900 to protect the entrance to the Royal Navy (and later the Royal Canadian Navy) base on the Pacific, the battery has been restored to its appearance during the Second World War 1939-45. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

Canadian-American Co-operation in the Defence of Sault Ste. Marie, 1941-1944

Type: Document

This report discusses the defence plans and measures undertaken by Canada and the United States for the protection of the canals and waterway at Sault Ste. Marie during the Second World War. Sault Ste. Marie headed the list of vulnerable points "to be afforded military protection from the beginning of the precautionary stage or on the outbreak of war".

Site: National Defence

Imperial Control Sundered

Type: Document

In 1900, Canada raised the 3rd (Special Service) Battalion of the Royal Canadian Regiment (RCR) to replace the British garrison in Halifax. The last British garrisons of Halifax and Esquimalt were withdrawn from Canada in 1905 and 1906. The Militia Council, formed in 1904, took control of the militia from British command. A decision was taken to establish a unique Canadian military identity, reflected in distinct uniforms and a different rifle from British imperial troops.

Site: National Defence

Canada’s Contribution to the Empire

Type: Document

The rise of Germany forced the British Empire to concentrate on home matters, accelerating the withdrawal of overseas garrisons. The Dominions were asked to contribute to the Empire’s defence, but Canada and Australia blocked attempts over the issue of control of troop contributions. In 1907, they did agree to participate in an Imperial General Staff system to develop common defence plans.

Site: National Defence

The Quebec Citadel, circa 1950

Type: Image

Built between 1828 and 1856, the Quebec Citadel has remained largely the same ever since, as this 1950s picture shows. It is now the regimental HQ of the Royal 22e Régiment / Royal 22nd Regiment - the famous 'Van Doos'. (Library of the Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Work of Canadian Tunnelling Units at Gibraltar, 1940-1942

Type: Document

From 1940 to 1942 Tunnelling units of the Royal Canadian Engineers were involved in improving defenses on the Island of Gibralter. The movement and morale of the Canadian soldiers involved in this operation provided the subject for this report.

Site: National Defence