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Subject > Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications > Fortified Sites

Date > 1800 > 1870-1879

The Military Art of the American Northwest

Type: Document

War in the Pacific Northwest centred around the canoe, which could be up to 20 metres long. Flotillas of canoes would attack enemy villages, hoping to capture prisoners to keep as slaves. Coastal forts of cedar logs were to be found, used to help control and tax maritime trade.

Site: National Defence

British at Fort Chambly

Type: Document

After the Conquest in 1760, the British moved into Fort Chambly. This website describes the role of the fort during the invasion of Canada by the Americans in 1775-1776 and again in the War of 1812.

Site: Parks Canada

Lower Fort Garry, 1870

Type: Image

This fort was occupied by Colonel Wolseley’s Red River Expedition in late August 1870. (Library and Archives Canada, C-114461)

Site: National Defence

History of Fort Wellington National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

This web page is devoted to the history of Fort Wellington from its construction as a defensive fortification on the St. Lawrence River to its designation as a National Historic Site in 1925.

Site: Parks Canada

The Budding Explorer: Samuel de Champlain: Activity

Type: Interactive Resource

Help the ghost of Samuel de Champlain regain his memory of Canada`s national historic sites in an interactive game for younger children.

Site: Parks Canada

Canadian Illustrated News - Prussian Naval Stataion on the Baltic (The War in Europe. Kiel)

Type: Image

Drawing representing the Prussian naval base on the Baltic.

Site: Library and Archives Canada

York Factory National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

Visitors to York Factory National Historic Site of Canada can experience the diverse history of the Hudson's Bay Company and the fur trade of the 1600-1800s.

Site: Parks Canada

Carleton Martello Tower National Historic Site of Canada: The War of 1812

Type: Document

It is June of 1812, and the United States has declared war on Great Britain! Tension has been simmering between these two nations for many years and for many reasons.

Site: Parks Canada

York Redoubt - History

Type: Document

In 1793, at the outbreak of war between Britain and revolutionary France, harbour batteries were hastily erected to secure Halifax from attack by sea. In the 19th century York Redoubt and the Citadel used signal flags to keep each other informed of ships' movements. During the First World War, the site was used as barracks for assigned infantry and for troops waiting to go overseas. Early in the Second World War, the Redoubt was the nerve centre for harbour defences, and included an anti-submarine net. York Redoubt remained in military use until 1956.

Site: Parks Canada

Military Encampment of Canadian Volunteer Militia at Fort Wellington, Prescott (Ontario), 1870

Type: Image

The Fenian Raids led to the mobilization of about 13,500 Canadian volunteer militiamen during the summer of 1870. The militia were stationed along Canada’s border with the United States. A group of Fenians at Malone, near Ogdensburg (New York), had planned to attack Prescott but their hopes were shattered. Some 300 Canadian volunteer militiamen accompanied by field artillery arrived to occupy Fort Wellington. Nearby Brockville had 200 men and another 800 with field artillery were stationed at Cornwall. The Fenians cancelled their plans. (Library and Archives Canada, C-040161)

Site: National Defence