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Subject > Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications > Fortified Sites

Organization > Parks Canada

Date > 1700

Canso Islands National Historic Site of Canada: History

Type: Document

Grassy Island Fort National Historic Site of Canada, located on Grassy Island, one of the Canso Islands, features the ruins of 18th century fortifications and the remains of a colonial New England fishing station that are the reminders of a thriving community that was once the commercial heart of Nova Scotia.

Site: Parks Canada

British at Fort Chambly

Type: Document

After the Conquest in 1760, the British moved into Fort Chambly. This website describes the role of the fort during the invasion of Canada by the Americans in 1775-1776 and again in the War of 1812.

Site: Parks Canada

The Budding Explorer: Samuel de Champlain: Activity

Type: Interactive Resource

Help the ghost of Samuel de Champlain regain his memory of Canada`s national historic sites in an interactive game for younger children.

Site: Parks Canada

Niagara ( Butlersburg/West Niagara/Lennox/Newark/Niagara-on-the-Lake )

Type: Document

Niagara was the first permanent Anglo settlement in present-day Ontario. From 1792 until 1796 it was the capital of Upper Canada. It was important for the transhipment of goods in North America, developed as a farming community to serve the needs of the British garrison and the growing refugee population, and a vigorous commercial area. Because of Niagara's importance, eventually the entire length of the Niagara River was defended by artillery batteries.

Site: Parks Canada

Fort Anne National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

Fort Anne, Canada's oldest National Historic Site, is a present-day reminder of a time when conflict between Europe's empire builders was acted out on the shores of the Annapolis River. Includes visitor information and links to related sites.

Site: Parks Canada

Fort Lennox National Historic Site of Canada: American Invasion

Type: Document

Stimulated by their desire for independence, revolutionaries in the thirteen American colonies declared war on Great Britain in 1775. A few months later, they occupied Île aux Noix. General Schuyler used it as a base for the attack on Montreal. After the Americans withdrew, the British considered the island to be a major frontier post and decided to fortify it. The border with the newly founded United States remained a source of conflict.

Site: Parks Canada

Fort Edward National Historic Site of Canada

Type: Document

Fort Edward, located in Windsor, Nova Scotia, was built by the British in 1750 and is the oldest surviving Blockhouse in Canada. Website has entry fee information and Parks Canada contact information.

Site: Parks Canada

York Redoubt - History

Type: Document

In 1793, at the outbreak of war between Britain and revolutionary France, harbour batteries were hastily erected to secure Halifax from attack by sea. In the 19th century York Redoubt and the Citadel used signal flags to keep each other informed of ships' movements. During the First World War, the site was used as barracks for assigned infantry and for troops waiting to go overseas. Early in the Second World War, the Redoubt was the nerve centre for harbour defences, and included an anti-submarine net. York Redoubt remained in military use until 1956.

Site: Parks Canada

Commemorative Intent Statement - Prince of Wales Fort

Type: Document

This page summarizes the national significance of Prince of Wales Fort according to the ministerially approved recommendations of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada. Prince of Wales Fort was significant in terms of the French/English rivalry over resources in the Hudson's Bay.

Site: Parks Canada

Saint-Louis Forts and Châteaux National Historic Site of Canada: Roles and Functiions of Colonial Governors-Three Spheres of Influence

Type: Document

The governor’s influence extended locally, regionally and across the continent.

Site: Parks Canada