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A Phenomenally Expensive Canal

Type: Document

The most expensive part of the British defence works built in Canada during the 1820s and 1830s was the Rideau Canal, which connected the Ottawa River with Lake Ontario. The huge engineering project cost more than £1.000,000 instead of the £169,000 budgeted at the start.

Site: National Defence

A Modest Beginning

Type: Document

In 1819, Britain began building fortifications near Montreal. The next year, work was begun on the Quebec Citadel. Work was slow and even by 1825, much of the 1819 plan was unfulfilled. Despite the cost, more work was approved, including new plans for a Halifax Citadel

Site: National Defence

A Very Mixed Organization

Type: Document

Before 1854, the British army was governed by a complex series of overlapping bodies. Horse Guards (army headquarters) controlled most troops, but the civil Treasury ministry handled supplies, transportation and (in Canada) barracks through the Commissariat Department.

Site: National Defence

The Board of Ordnance - a Separate Fiefdom

Type: Document

In the 18th and 19th centuries, the Board of Ordnance was a separate government department. It supplied weapons and ammunition to the army and Royal Navy, and built fortifications and all other military buildings. It was also responsible for the Royal Artillery and the Royal Engineers.

Site: National Defence