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The French Revolution

Type: Document

With war going on in Europe, Quebec was divided into two colonies in 1791. Upper Canada (present-day Ontario) and Lower Canada (present-day Quebec), each had its own elected assembly. A regular colonial corps, the Queen's Rangers, was raised for duty in Upper Canada.

Site: National Defence

A Very Mixed Organization

Type: Document

Before 1854, the British army was governed by a complex series of overlapping bodies. Horse Guards (army headquarters) controlled most troops, but the civil Treasury ministry handled supplies, transportation and (in Canada) barracks through the Commissariat Department.

Site: National Defence

The Board of Ordnance - a Separate Fiefdom

Type: Document

In the 18th and 19th centuries, the Board of Ordnance was a separate government department. It supplied weapons and ammunition to the army and Royal Navy, and built fortifications and all other military buildings. It was also responsible for the Royal Artillery and the Royal Engineers.

Site: National Defence