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Subject > Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications > Equipment, Materials and Infrastructure

Date > 1700 > 1730-1739 > 1732

To the Sound of the Drummer's Beat

Type: Document

Fortified towns like Quebec, Montreal, Trois-Rivières and Louisbourg were all governed by military staffs. The lives of French soldiers and Canadian civilians alike were regulated by the different drum beatings of the garrison, from La Diane at dawn to La Retraite at sunset.

Site: National Defence

Housing

Type: Document

British army barracks during the 18th and 19th centuries were laid out like crowded dormitories. Each room housed a company (50-100 men) plus any wives. Beds or bunks ran along the sides, with tables and benches down the centre. In Canada, a cast-iron stove heated the room.

Site: National Defence

'Cat of nine tails' whip

Type: Image

The ‘cat of nine tails’ was a whip used to flog soldiers. This one was used in the British 83rd Regiment of Foot. The length of the wooden stick was 43cm (1' 5"), its tails 53cm (1' 9"), and it weighed 141,75 g. (5 ounces). (Library of the Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

History of Cape Merry

Type: Document

Cape Merry was once called Knight's Round Point. James Knight sailed into the mouth of the Churchill River to begin construction of a fur trading post for the Hudson's Bay Company in 1717. The cape was later renamed to honour Captain John Merry, who was the Deputy Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company from 1712-18. This page describes the construction of the fort and its cannon battery.

Site: Parks Canada

Saint-Louis Forts and Châteaux National Historic Site of Canada: Structure and Organization of Forts & Chateaux- Four Forts

Type: Document

The Saint-Louis forts and châteaux site is complex. It consists of three elements: the forts, châteaux and gardens. There were a total of four forts and two Châteaux

Site: Parks Canada

Room Arrangements

Type: Document

Barracks rooms were filled with beds, tables and benches. Soldiers in New France slept two or three to a bed, on straw mattresses. Conditions were crowded and often uncomfortable, and no wives were allowed in the barracks.

Site: National Defence

History of Prince of Wales Fort

Type: Document

This history of the fort includes details on the area's ecological and cultural past, the establishment of a trading post for the Hudson's Bay Company, the naming of the fort, the construction of its stone fortification, the destruction and rebuilding of the fort, HBC activities at the fort, living conditions at the fort, and the selection of the site as a national park in the 1920s.

Site: Parks Canada

Engineering and Naval Construction

Type: Document

Thanks to its supplies of wood and iron ore, Canada was the site of a shipyard building ships for the French Navy from 1739. A series of warships and transports were built. This site of a major shipyard in a colony was most unusual for the period.

Site: National Defence

Life in Forts and Trading Posts

Type: Document

Outside the St. Lawrence Valley, in the more distant forts and trading posts, the accommodations of the soldiers could be very rudimentary. The situation improved over the years, however, especially in the larger forts built in the eighteenth century.

Site: National Defence

Desertion

Type: Document

Desertion to the king's enemies was considered the most serious crime a soldier could commit. It did take place in New France, but at a much lower rate than in Europe because of the difficulties posed by the country separating New France from the British colonies

Site: National Defence