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Soldier of the Company of the Hundred Associates in Canada, circa 1650

Type: Image

This employee of the Hundred Associates carries a flintlock musket (or 'fusil'), a type of weapon that first appeared in the colony during the late 1640s. The fusil was lighter than the older matchlock musket and its firing system was more trustworthy. This made it an ideal weapon for Canada. The Iroquois' acquisition of firearms changed the military tactics in New France. Helmets and breastplates became useless, and French soldiers simply wore their usual clothing. This man's clothing follows contemporary civilian fashions in France. Hanging from a belt around his chest, our soldier carries individual charges of gunpowder in flasks jokingly known as 'the Twelve Apostles'. Reconstruction by Michel Pétard. (Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Changes in Weapons

Type: Interactive Resource

Illustrations and descriptions of various British, French and American firearms used in North America from the 16th century till the end of the 19th century.

Site: National Defence