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English sailor, 1570s

Type: Image

A fur cap and baggy breeches were characteristic items of clothing of English sailors during the late 16th century.

Site: National Defence

The Decline

Type: Document

English disruption of Spanish power at sea helped force the decline of the Newfoundland fishery. English pirates made many attacks on the Basques.

Site: National Defence

Voyages of Jacques Cartier

Type: Interactive ResourceDocument

A slide show presentation featuring the three voyages of Jacques Cartier. The first deals with navigational equipment and people on his crew. The second deals with artillery and the Natives he met. The last focuses on weapons and armour.

Site: National Defence

Basque Whaling Fleets on the Labrador Coast

Type: Document

During the later 16th Century, large Basque fleets hunted whales off Labrador. Seasonal settlements supported this lucrative fishery.

Site: National Defence

Conflict Amongst the Basques

Type: Document

There was sometimes fighting between the northern (French) Basques and the southern (Spanish) Basques. As well, war between France and Spain also affected the armed fishing fleets. The Inuit ashore were also hostile to the fishermen.

Site: National Defence