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'Amazons Battalion,' St. John, New Brunswick, 1901

Type: Image

During the South African War, the local militia regiment in St. John, New Brunswick, sponsored and trained a paramilitary group made up of young women. Members of the 'Amazons Battalion' are seen with their instructor, a lieutenant of the 62nd Regiment 'St. John Fusiliers'. (Private collection)

Site: National Defence

Members of the Ladies School Cadet Corps in St. Catharines, Ontario, in 1891

Type: Image

As early as the 1880s, a few volunteer militia regiments had auxiliary companies consisting of women like these members of the Ladies School Cadet Corps in St. Catharines, Ontario, in 1891. Since they were unofficial, there is very little information about these formations. (Ontario Archives, Toronto, S-4821)

Site: National Defence

Staff and patients, Moose Jaw field hospital, 1885

Type: Image

A group of Anglican nuns from Toronto served in a 40-bed hospital in Moose Jaw during the Northwest Rebellion of 1885. They cared for sick and wounded from the battles of Batoche and Fish Creek. Twelve women in all were part of the first organized body of female nurses in Canadian military history. Note the group of wounded patients at centre, two of whom have lost an arm.

Site: National Defence

Warrant Officer Gagné, Canadian Forces, U.N. Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR), 1994

Type: Image

Nurse Gagné is caring for injured children in a makeshift dispensary during the genocide in Rwanda, 1994. (Canadian Department of National Defence, 95-1239)

Site: National Defence

Major-General Guy Simonds, Sicily, 1943

Type: Image

Guy Granville Simonds (1903-1974) commanded the 1st Canadian Division during the Sicilian campaign of 1943. Later, he led the 5th Armored Canadian Division (Italy, 1943-1944) and II Canadian Corps (North-West Europe, 1944-1945). (Canadian Department of National Defence, ZK-486)

Site: National Defence