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Organization > National Defence

Subject > Strategy and Tactics > Fortifications

Resource Type > Image

Date > 1600

The battle of Long-Sault, in May 1660

Type: Image

This early-20th century engraving shows the climax of the legendary 1660 defence of Long-Sault against the Iroquois by Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and his men. One of the French defenders is shown holding a keg of gunpowder above his head. This makeshift bomb would fall back inside the fort and kill much of the garrison.

Site: National Defence

The first Fort Chambly built in 1665

Type: Image

This model represents the original Fort Chambly. The original wooden log structure was built in 1665 and was typical of the early forts in Canada.

Site: National Defence

Iberville leads an attack on an English fort

Type: Image

From 1686 to 1697, Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville et d’Ardillières (1661-1706) took and retook English Hudson’s Bay Company forts and ships in four different expeditions. He is shown here leading one such attack.

Site: National Defence

Cross of Malta carved in a stone bearing the date 1647

Type: Image

When the Château Saint-Louis in Quebec was built, this Cross of Malta was carved in a stone bearing the date 1647. Charles Huault de Montmagny was governor at that time. He was knight of the Order of Malta as was at least one other of his officers in Canada. The stone was found in 1784 during renovations to the governor’s residence and eventually incorporated into a courtyard entrance of the Château Frontenac Hotel.

Site: National Defence

Model of the second habitation at Quebec, circa 1625

Type: Image

Construction of this building started in May 1624. The model shows the stone structure with its two corner turrets as it was circa 1625. The habitation was abandoned in 1633 following a fire.

Site: National Defence

Fort de la Montagne, circa 1690

Type: Image

Fort ‘de la Montagne’ (of the mountain) was built in 1685, just a few hundred metres outside of Montreal on the flanks of Mount Royal. The image shows A: the chapel of Notre-Dame-des-Neiges; B: the mission priest's house; C: a pair of turrets also used as a school by the sisters of the Congrégation; D: a barn also to be used as a shelter by women and children during attacks; E: two more turrets; F: an Amerindian village. The turrets marked ‘C’ can still be seen today.

Site: National Defence

Fort Lachine (also called Fort Rémy)

Type: Image

This fortification, built in 1671, was typical of the log palisade forts erected to protect settlements west of Montreal. Fort Lachine (also called Fort Rémy) featured: 1) a windmill, 2) a priest’s house, 3) a chapel, 4) the house of Jean Millot (which had previously belonged to explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle), 5) a barn, 6) palisades, 7) bastions, 8) barracks, 9) a powder magazine.

Site: National Defence

The fort of Ville-Marie in 1645

Type: Image

Work on the fort started in 1642, and it stood until demolished in 1672. While details are lacking, the fort is known to have been built on a square plan with bastions at each corner. This 19th century drawing shows its possible appearance.

Site: National Defence

Plan of the French settlement at Isle Sainte-Croix in 1604

Type: Image

In June 1604, the French expedition under the Sieur de Monts and Samuel de Champlain started building a trade post and settlement on an island they named Sainte-Croix, the choice being dictated by security concerns. It turned out to be an unfortunate choice, some 35 out the 79 men there perishing from scurvy in the winter of 1604-1605. There were also tense relations with Indians further south so that, in the late summer, Sainte-Croix was abandoned and the French went to built a fortified ‘Habitation’ at Port-Royal (now Annapolis-Royal, Nova Scotia).

Site: National Defence

Map of the 1665-1666 campaigns of the régiment de Carignan-Salières

Type: Image

The map shows the region in which the régiment de Carignan-Salières campaigned against the Iroquois during 1665-1666. After landing in Quebec, the regiment went to Montreal, built several forts on the Richelieu River, made a failed winter foray against the Iroquois to the south and followed with a successful one in September.

Site: National Defence