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Japanese Balloon Enterprise Against North America

Type: Document

This report is an account of the Japanese balloon attacks against the United States and Canada in the final year of the Second World War, and the measures adopted, especially in Canada, to meet this new type of warfare. It also includes information on the effectiveness of the attacks and the types of weapons dropped by the balloons.

Site: National Defence

The Growth of an Empire

Type: Document

Post-confederation, Canadians came to see themselves both as part of, and distinct from, the British Empire culture.

Site: National Defence

An Imperial Partnership

Type: Document

At the Colonial Conference of 1897, the Dominion of Canada and other self-governing colonies were offered a new partnership within the Empire, which was accepted with reservations by Canadian Prime Minister Sir Wilfred Laurier. A military consequence of the conference was to standardize all armies within the Empire along the British model.

Site: National Defence

The British Withdrawal from Canada

Type: Document

The year 1871 witnessed the final withdrawal of British Army Troops from Canada and the beginnings of Canadian defence efforts to defend Canada from both internal (domestic violence) and external (American invasion) threats.

Site: National Defence

Rejection of Volunteers

Type: Document

Canada's white-led army discriminated against recruits from visible minority groups. Aboriginals, blacks and Japanese were discouraged from joining the 'white man’s war'. However, when the manpower crisis emerged in 1917, these same communities were reluctant to volunteer when the restrictions were lifted. Only 5,100 visible minority members volunteered for service during the war.

Site: National Defence