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Canada’s Military Effort: Summing Up

Type: Document

Canada’s effort during the First World War was exceptional given its small population and its military history. Those Canadians who sacrificed their lives are remembered in the many monuments and cemeteries in Europe.

Site: National Defence

The Horrors of War

Type: Document

Warfare in the 19th century was horrible, despite the colourful uniforms. In the aftermath of the November 1837 battle of Saint-Charles, a British officer helped two young Canadian women to find their Patriote father. His corpse was found, frozen and contorted, with a horrible head wound.

Site: National Defence

D-Day - the 6th of June Landing

Type: Document

The Canadian Army played a significant role in the D-Day landings, with the 3rd Infantry division and the 2nd Armoured Brigade landing on Juno Beach. The 1st Parachute Battalion preceded the landings, and further divisions followed to form the 2nd Canadian Corps. Heavy casualties slowed the taking of Caen, and costly battles followed at Verrieres Ridge and the Falaise Gap after fighting the best German SS formations.

Site: National Defence

Operation "PLUNDER" - The Canadian Participation in the Assault Across the Rhine and the Expansion of the Bridgehead by 2 Canadian Corps, 23/24 March - 1 April 1945

Type: Document

One of a series of reports dealing with the operations of the First Canadian Army in North-West Europe. It describes the part played by the Canadians in the assault across the Rhine.

Site: National Defence

Operation JUBILEE - The Raid on Dieppe, 19 August 1942 - Information From German War Diaries

Type: Document

After the German surrender in May 1945 additional information regarding the Dieppe raid became available from the enemy side. It is upon this information that this report was based.

Site: National Defence

Casualties

Type: Document

Casualties during the First World War were horrendous, with one in five being killed in combat in the front line infantry battalions. Most casualties resulted from artillery fire, followed by machine guns and rifles. The Canadian Army Medical Corps expanded during the war to provide care to the wounded and dying.

Site: National Defence

Italian Campaign - From the Fall of Rome to the Evacuation of Florence (4 June - 10 August 1944)

Type: Document

This report deals with the information that became available from German military sources for the period from the fall of Rome to the evacuation of Florence (4 June - 10 August). During this time the Canadian participation in the fighting was limited to supporting actions by the Regiments of 1 Canadian Armd Bde. The prospective employment of 1 Canadian Corps played a large part in the deliberations of the German commanders.

Site: National Defence

Sicilian Campaign (July – August 1943) - Information from German Sources

Type: Document

A general picture of the German operations in Sicily as provided by German documents which fell into Allied hands at the end of the Second World War. These documents discuss operations which most closely concerned the 1st Canadian Division.

Site: National Defence

A Time of Warfare

Type: Document

The middle decades of the 19th century saw warfare on a large scale in Europe and North America.

Site: National Defence

First Clashes with the Foxes

Type: Document

The Fox people of the Illinois territory were persistent enemies of the French. Allied to the Iroquois and supported by the British, the Foxes made an attempt to settle near the French fort at Detroit in 1711. Conflict with other local tribes led to a slaughter of several hundred Foxes.

Site: National Defence