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Organization > National Defence

Subject > Politics and Society > Life on the Homefront

Resource Type > Document

Date > 1900

Enemy Air Action and the Canadian Army in the United Kingdom, 1939-43

Type: Document

This report is an account of the effect of enemy air action on units and men of the Canadian Army in the United Kingdom during the period 1939 – 1943, and of the part played by Canadian units in the defence of Britain against the enemy air force in those years.

Site: National Defence

Marrying Combatants

Type: Document

Marriage in the Canadian military was subject to many regulations. This can be seen in the experience of Blanchee Lavallee and Henri Trudeau.

Site: National Defence

Canadian Base Depot - Activities of Personnel of this Depot During Merseyside Air Raids

Type: Document

This report deals with the Canadian Base Depot, and in particular with the work of men attached to the Depot during the heavy air raids on Merseyside, England during the early part of May, 1941.

Site: National Defence

Molly Lamb – Canada’s First female War Artist

Type: Document

In 1943, the Canadian High Commissioner to London, Vincent Massey, championed the creation of the Canadian War Records Program. Molly Lamb was the first and only female artist allowed after the war to tour the theatres of operations, although several other women artists made contributions on the home front.

Site: National Defence

The Economic Boom

Type: Document

A war economy led to a more heavily industrialized Canada and prepared it for the economic boom that followed.

Site: National Defence

Prisoner’s of War

Type: Document

Those who had been prisoners of war rejoiced at the end of the war and their return to Canada. They were marred by the maltreatment they had received in forced marches, concentration camps and brutal guards. Accompanying these returnees, were new Canadians – foreign spouses and dependents, and other nationals - such as the Poles - who had fought alongside the Canadians.

Site: National Defence

Canadian Relations with the People of the United Kingdom, and General Problems of Morale, 1939-44

Type: Document

While Canadian troops were stationed in England they established a relationship with the English people. This relationship was tied very strongly to the morale of the troops. A report was presented on this subject by Canadian Military Headquarters.

Site: National Defence

Canadian-American Co-operation in the Defence of Sault Ste. Marie, 1941-1944

Type: Document

This report discusses the defence plans and measures undertaken by Canada and the United States for the protection of the canals and waterway at Sault Ste. Marie during the Second World War. Sault Ste. Marie headed the list of vulnerable points "to be afforded military protection from the beginning of the precautionary stage or on the outbreak of war".

Site: National Defence

Announcement of Canadian Participation in Operation "HUSKY"

Type: Document

On July 10, 1943, the invasion of Sicily began. It was the first sustained land action involving the Canadian Army in the Second World War. The feeling of dissatisfaction with Canada’s past performance and present role began to mount until there was active agitation in the press and in Parliament to commit the Canadian Army to battle.

Site: National Defence

Visit to Welwyn - Sketch of Canadian Medical Establishments in the U.K. - Further on the Wartime Aspect of the English Countryside

Type: Document

This report deals mainly with a visit to the Medical Branch, Canadian Military Headquarters (CMHQ), at Digswell Place, Welwyn, and tries to provide (based on interviews and supplemented at some points by examination of the Medical Branch war diary) a sketch of the Canadian medical establishments in England as they existed at the time of the Second World War. Major Stacey has added his own observations on the wartime aspect of the English countryside.

Site: National Defence