History Browser

Search Results

Organization > National Defence

Subject > Politics and Society > Life on the Homefront

Resource Type > Document

Date > 1800

Militia Budgets

Type: Document

The budgets allocated by Parliament often affected the size of the militia and how many men would be trained. Cycles of economic crisis and boom in the 1870's had an impact on militia activity and proficiency.

Site: National Defence

A Series of Amerindian Nations

Type: Document

During the eighteenth century, the northwest Pacific coast was home to a series of Amerindian nations, including the Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, Nootka and Salish. These were maritime cultures - excellent sailors and fishermen who depended on the sea's resources

Site: National Defence

Social Changes

Type: Document

The new British way of defending colonies led to great social changes in Canada during the late 18th century. With no professional colonial army to join, the elite of Canadian society lost much income and influence. As well, British soldiers developed no roots in the colony.

Site: National Defence

Training and the Evolution of the Militia

Type: Document

The founding of the Royal Military College in 1876 and the building of the Dominion Arsenal at Quebec improved the militia and its equipment, but many challenges remained. Developments within Canada, such as the creation of the transcontinental railway, influenced the formation of the militia with more units being formed in the cities rather than the countryside.

Site: National Defence

Regular British Troops Arrive

Type: Document

The Oregon Crisis of 1845 made it important to send British regular troops to Rupert's Land. A detachment of the 6th Regiment of Foot arrived in 1846, becoming the first British unit stationed on the prairies. The threat of an American attack from the south was an ongoing worry.

Site: National Defence

Drink and Women

Type: Document

Alcohol was the only escape from a highly regulated life for many British soldiers during the 18th and 19th centuries. As a result, drunkenness and alcoholism were common. With roughly 90% of the men bachelors, prostitution and venereal disease were also big problems.

Site: National Defence

A Lack of Enthusiasm

Type: Document

Participation rates for militia service often rose and fell depending on how much pay was allocated by the government. Long distances to training camps and better wages in civilian jobs reduced the enthusiasm of men wishing to be part of the militia.

Site: National Defence

Royal Engineers Build BC Infrastructure

Type: Document

British Columbia received a detachment of Royal Engineers in 1858 to help build infrastructure for the new colony. They supervised building of the Cariboo Road, which opened up the interior to colonization, and also founded the town of New Westminster.

Site: National Defence

Promotions and Training

Type: Document

British officers rose in rank by either through seniority or by purchasing promotion during the 18th and 19th centuries. Professional training was done mostly by an officer's regiment, although artillery and engineering officers had to attend an academy at Woolwich.

Site: National Defence