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Cold War Defence

Type: Document

The emergence of the Cold War in 1951 changed the downward slide of Canadian military budgets. Spending and recruiting of the regular force exceeded the strength of the reserves for the first time in Canadian history.

Site: National Defence

Avro CF-105 Arrow Mk.1, on its first flight, 1958

Type: Image

The Canadian-designed Avro CF-105 Arrow Mk.1 was the most advanced fighter in the world at that time, with a top speed of 1,324 knots (2,453 k/ph). It was expensive, however, and the government halted production. The five existing examples of this triumph of Canadian engineering were destroyed. All this stirred up such controversy that it remains a subject of passionate debate in the country more than 40 years later. (Canadian Department of National Defence, 82-384)

Site: National Defence

The Role of the Regular Forces

Type: Document

Post World War Two, the role and strength of the Canadian Permanent Forces would be influenced by domestic political imperatives and external strategic change.

Site: National Defence

Modern Era - Air Force History

Type: Document

The years immediately following World war II called for large scale re-organization of The RCAF, but while major hostilities had ceased the world's geopolitical climate altered dramatically. This new state of affairs combined with rapid and unceasing technological advancement and political change at home required a reassignment of roles and commitments for Canada's air force which continues to the present day.

Site: National Defence

A New Alliance for Deterrence

Type: Document

To deter fears of Soviet expansion, a number of European countries combined with Canada and the United States in 1948 to form a new political and military alliance - the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

Site: National Defence

Lockheed CF-104 Starfighter, 417 Strike/Reconnaissance Operational Training Squadron, Canadian Forces, 4 June 1983

Type: Image

The U.S.-designed CF-104 Starfighter had a top speed of 1,260 knots (2,334 kph) and served in the Royal Canadian Air Force and Canadian Forces from 1961 to the mid-1980s. It equipped squadrons based in Germany. (Canadian Department of National Defence, 83-943)

Site: National Defence

A New Population

Type: Document

After 1783, any hope of a return to French control for Quebec ended. At the same time, a new wave of (mostly) anglophone settlers flooded in - tens of thousands of loyalist Americans took refuge north of the border.

Site: National Defence

Avro CF-100 Mk 4b fighter-interceptor

Type: Image

First seeing service in 1953, the Canadian-designed Avro CF-100 had a very large range for its day and could reach speeds of 525 knots (973 km/h). Its role was to attack enemy bombers detected by DEW Line radar stations in the Canadian Arctic. (Private collection)

Site: National Defence

Canadian Rangers

Type: Document

This report describes the organization in 1947 of the Canadian Rangers as a Corps of the Reserve Militia and traces its development until the end of 1954.

Site: National Defence

NATO’s Canadian Clause

Type: Document

Clause 14 in the NATO treaty is described as the “Canada clause”. This clause promoted an economic aspect to the alliance that was initially opposed as being too much at the time.

Site: National Defence