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Organization > National Defence

Subject > Politics and Society

Date > 2000 > 2000-2009 > 2000

Tackling the Language Issue

Type: Document

It would take two defence Ministers, Paul Hellyer and Leo Cadieux, and the Forces Chief of Staff, General Jean V. Allard, to give the impetus to real change in Canada's armed forces. While advances have been made in instruction and training, and the number of francophone units; the problem of integrating two official languages in military operations has yet to be solved.

Site: National Defence

A New View and Vision

Type: Document

A shift of sorts has occurred since the times of the colonial French and British regimes. While Canadian society still depends on major allies to defend itself, relations have changed from one of subservience to the colonial regimes to an alliance with the United States. While attempting to assert a more obvious Canadian stance within these alliances, Canada has yet to take the final step to full independence with a robust fully funded independent military.

Site: National Defence

Peacemaking and the 1990-91 Gulf War

Type: Document

The Persian Gulf War of 1990-91 most resembled the Korean War with Canada sending elements from all three services. Participation was limited as Canadians were also deployed elsewhere around the world on United Nations.

Site: National Defence

NATO’s Canadian Clause

Type: Document

Clause 14 in the NATO treaty is described as the “Canada clause”. This clause promoted an economic aspect to the alliance that was initially opposed as being too much at the time.

Site: National Defence

A Vital Factor – The Militia

Type: Document

A vital factor throughout Canadian military history has been the role of the militia or reserves. While there has been a shift from a small professional core of soldiers supporting a larger militia, to a small militia supporting a larger regular force; society has seen the necessity of funding both groups.

Site: National Defence

Past Operations - Canadian Armed Forces

Type: Document

A list of past operational missions on which Canadian soldiers, sailors and Air Force personnel have been deployed. Includes links to more information about these missions.

Site: National Defence

The Total Force Concept

Type: Document

The 1987 White Paper envisaged a new role for the reserves within the new NATO plan for fighting conflicts in Europe. The regular force and the militia were to be integrated into a total force, with militia members serving as individual augmenters to the regular forces. This role has seen thousands of militia members serve in the Middle East, the Balkans and elsewhere with the regular forces.

Site: National Defence

An Accordion Force

Type: Document

The Korean War and the foundation of NATO were boom times for Canada's armed forces, benefiting from new equipment, increased manpower, new systems and new roles to play in the North American and European theatres. However, resources committed to the forces became an 'accordion process', with budgets and recruiting increases and cuts dependent on the political currents of the day.

Site: National Defence

NORAD’s Legacy

Type: Document

The value and legacy of Canada's role in the North American Air Defence Agreement (NORAD) continues to be debated.

Site: National Defence

Peacekeeping Operations

Type: Interactive Resource

Series of maps illustrate Canadian peacekeeping missions throughout the world from 1948 to present day.

Site: National Defence