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Organization > National Defence

Subject > Politics and Society

Date > 1900 > 1990-1999

Tackling the Language Issue

Type: Document

It would take two defence Ministers, Paul Hellyer and Leo Cadieux, and the Forces Chief of Staff, General Jean V. Allard, to give the impetus to real change in Canada's armed forces. While advances have been made in instruction and training, and the number of francophone units; the problem of integrating two official languages in military operations has yet to be solved.

Site: National Defence

The Effect of NATO

Type: Document

Participation in NATO accelerated Canada’s military rearmament program after the Second World War, and remained a high political priority even when reductions affected the size of the forces in Europe. NATO’s political and economic aspects were seen as essential for Canadian security, and even promoted the 1980’s rearmament programs.

Site: National Defence

Korea and the Commitment Overseas

Type: Document

The Korean War accelerated the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, with some wondering if Europe was the next to be attacked. Canada contributed another special service unit – the 27th Infantry Brigade Group to serve in Germany. As well, the Air Force contributed a full Air Division and the Navy was given an anti-submarine role in protecting the North Atlantic sea lanes.

Site: National Defence

A New View and Vision

Type: Document

A shift of sorts has occurred since the times of the colonial French and British regimes. While Canadian society still depends on major allies to defend itself, relations have changed from one of subservience to the colonial regimes to an alliance with the United States. While attempting to assert a more obvious Canadian stance within these alliances, Canada has yet to take the final step to full independence with a robust fully funded independent military.

Site: National Defence

Peacemaking and the 1990-91 Gulf War

Type: Document

The Persian Gulf War of 1990-91 most resembled the Korean War with Canada sending elements from all three services. Participation was limited as Canadians were also deployed elsewhere around the world on United Nations.

Site: National Defence

NATO’s Canadian Clause

Type: Document

Clause 14 in the NATO treaty is described as the “Canada clause”. This clause promoted an economic aspect to the alliance that was initially opposed as being too much at the time.

Site: National Defence

A Vital Factor – The Militia

Type: Document

A vital factor throughout Canadian military history has been the role of the militia or reserves. While there has been a shift from a small professional core of soldiers supporting a larger militia, to a small militia supporting a larger regular force; society has seen the necessity of funding both groups.

Site: National Defence

Chapter 7 - Toward a new World (Dis)Order 1989 - ?

Type: Document

The dissolution of world communism which began in 1989 signaled an era in which the United Nations might act as the world's great arbiter of international conflict. To this aim UN peacekeeping operations continued to be a major occupation of Canada's armed forces and the role of military observation depended on effective signals intelligence, in which Canada was a world leader.

Site: National Defence

Another Change Envisaged

Type: Document

In Canada, the end of the Cold War saw the 1995 Dickson Commission examine what role the reserve elements would play.

Site: National Defence

Past Operations - Canadian Armed Forces

Type: Document

A list of past operational missions on which Canadian soldiers, sailors and Air Force personnel have been deployed. Includes links to more information about these missions.

Site: National Defence