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Organization > National Defence

Subject > Politics and Society

Date > 1900 > 1960-1969

Tackling the Language Issue

Type: Document

It would take two defence Ministers, Paul Hellyer and Leo Cadieux, and the Forces Chief of Staff, General Jean V. Allard, to give the impetus to real change in Canada's armed forces. While advances have been made in instruction and training, and the number of francophone units; the problem of integrating two official languages in military operations has yet to be solved.

Site: National Defence

Canada and Peace-keeping Operations

Type: Document

A history of Canada's involvement in peacekeeping, including the formation of the League of Nations and the United Nations.

Site: National Defence

Canadian Forces Headquarters (CFHQ) Reports, 1965-1980

Type: Document

From 1965-1980, Colonel C.P. Stacey organized the Directorate of History out of the three former separate Service historical sections. He introduced the practice of writing historical narratives of current operations or on topics of contemporary interest. The Canadian Forces Headquarters Reports deal with peacekeeping, naval aspects of the Second World War, and the organization and structure of the Canadian Armed Forces and the Department of National Defence from colonial times.

Site: National Defence

Preliminary Report concerning the Availability of Material relating to the dispatch of Canadian Troops to Cyprus, 1964

Type: Document

On December 21, 1963, Turkish Cypriots fired on Greek Cypriot policemen in Nicosia, and the fighting in the next few days became serious, both in Nicosia and other parts Cypress. On February 16, 1964, the British Foreign Secretary, on a flying visit to Canada with British Prime Minister Douglas-Home, hinted that Canada might be called upon to contribute to a Commonwealth Force. Three days later, in the House of Commons, Douglas-Home outlined the conditions which would have to be met before he would commit Canadians to an international force.

Site: National Defence

The Effect of NATO

Type: Document

Participation in NATO accelerated Canada’s military rearmament program after the Second World War, and remained a high political priority even when reductions affected the size of the forces in Europe. NATO’s political and economic aspects were seen as essential for Canadian security, and even promoted the 1980’s rearmament programs.

Site: National Defence

Korea and the Commitment Overseas

Type: Document

The Korean War accelerated the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, with some wondering if Europe was the next to be attacked. Canada contributed another special service unit – the 27th Infantry Brigade Group to serve in Germany. As well, the Air Force contributed a full Air Division and the Navy was given an anti-submarine role in protecting the North Atlantic sea lanes.

Site: National Defence

A Canadian Military Cemetery in the Middle East

Type: Document

Some 22 Canadian soldiers are buried in a cemetery on the edge of the town of Gaza.

Site: National Defence

British Army folding iron barrack bed

Type: Image

This type of bed gradually replaced wooden double bunks from 1824. Every day, the bed was folded and the mattress rolled up for inspection. Army Circular Memorandum of 12 June 1860.

Site: National Defence

Implementing Unification

Type: Document

The passage of Bill C-243 by Hellyer unified Canada's armed forces with one uniform, a single rank structure and a single service identity. The unification was intended to reduce staff personnel and lower costs, but any savings were lost to inflation. Canada was the only Western power to merge all its armed forces, and it has not been copied elsewhere.

Site: National Defence

Lockheed CF-104 Starfighter, 417 Strike/Reconnaissance Operational Training Squadron, Canadian Forces, 4 June 1983

Type: Image

The U.S.-designed CF-104 Starfighter had a top speed of 1,260 knots (2,334 kph) and served in the Royal Canadian Air Force and Canadian Forces from 1961 to the mid-1980s. It equipped squadrons based in Germany. (Canadian Department of National Defence, 83-943)

Site: National Defence