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Subject > Armed Forces > Military Ceremony and Honours > Awards, Decorations and Medals

Resource Type > Image

Sir James Henry Craig, Governor General of Canada

Type: Image

Craig (1748-1812), was Governor General of Canada from 1807 to 1811. His term was a stormy one, but he had many friends and admirerers in the colony, something shown by the brisk sale in Canada of prints portraying him. Sir James is shown wearing the uniform of a British general, with the star of the Order of the Bath on his breast. (Library and Archives Canada, C-024888)

Site: National Defence

Louis XV, King of France from 1715 to 1774

Type: Image

King Louis XV of France (1710–1774) is shown wearing the royal robes. Around his neck are the collars and insignia of two orders of chivalry - the Spanish Order of the Golden Fleece, and the French Order of Saint-Louis. The white 8-pointed cross of the latter order was awarded to many Canadain soldiers during the French regime in Canada. (Library and Archives Canada, C-000604)

Site: National Defence

Lieutenant-Colonel Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry, Canadian Voltigeurs, circa 1813-1815

Type: Image

De Salaberry (1778-1829) was a veteran officer of the British army, with service in the West Indies and the Netherlands. He belonged to one of the most influential families in French Canada. The family enjoyed a long-standing friendship with Prince Edward Augustus, the Duke of Kent and future King William IV. The prince's influence got the young Canadian his first commission, with the 60th (Royal American) Regiment of Foot. De Salaberry raised the Provincial Corps of Light Infantry (Canadian Voltigeurs) in 1812 and won lasting fame in Canada when 300-400 of his troops defeated an American army of over 5,000 men at Châteauguay on 26 November 1813. This engraving, made after the War of 1812, shows de Salaberry in the uniform of an officer of the Canadian Voltigeurs. The circular medal he wears is the Field Officers Gold Medal, a very rare award at the time. This medal of de Salaberry's is in the collection of the Canadian War Museum today. (Library and Archives Canada, C-009226)

Site: National Defence

2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, Kap'yong, Korea, 24-25 April 1951

Type: Image

On 24 and 25 April 1951, the 2nd Battalion of the 'Princess Pats' fought day and night to repel repeated attacks on Kap'yong by the Chinese 118th Division. This action stopped the Chinese advance on Seoul, the Korean capital. Impressed by such gallantry and tenacity, the U.S. president awarded the battalion the American Distinguished Unit Citation, which it has worn ever since. (United States Army Center of Military History, Washington)

Site: National Defence

Captain Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville

Type: Image

Canadian soldier Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville (1668-1722) was the son of a famous father - Canadian tactician Joseph-François Hertel de La Fresnière (1642-1722). Hertel de Rouville led a number of spectacular raids against the British colonies during the war of the Spanish Succession (1701-1713). His most infamous exploit was the raid and massacre that destroyed Deerfield, Massachusetts in 1704. In later life, he was involved in developing the French colony on Île Royale (Cape Breton Island). It is believed that the portrait upon which this print is based was painted before Hertel de Rouville left Quebec in 1713. It was altered to include the white cross of the Order of Saint Louis some time after he was made a chevalier in the order in December 1721.

Site: National Defence

Melchior de Jordy de Cabanac (1666-1726)

Type: Image

De Jordy de Cabanac was an officer in the Compagnies franches de la Marine. This painting shows him as he would have appeared around 1720, wearing the white cross that marks him as a member of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Louis. (Library and Archives Canada C-010540)

Site: National Defence

Officer, Compagnies franches de la Marine, circa 1750

Type: Image

This elegant officer with his snuffbox dates from about 1750. The cut of military uniforms evolved with fashion, which Canadian officers followed closely. This man is a member of the Order of Saint-Louis, as the white cross and red ribbon of the order on his left breast shows. Reconstruction by Eugène Lelièpvre. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville et d’Ardillières (1661-1706)

Type: Image

Born Pierre Le Moyne, the Canadian-born officer known best as 'd’Iberville' was the most eminent soldier born in New France. This 19th century print is based on a contemporary portrait painted some time after Le Moyne d'Iberville was made a chevalier of the Order of Saint-Louis in 1699. The white cross of the order can be seen on his breast.

Site: National Defence

Avro Lancaster B Mk X bomber in the markings of 419 Bomber Squadron, Royal Canadian Air Force

Type: Image

Starting in 1943, a dozen RCAF squadrons were at the controls of Avro Lancasters as they took part in the bombing of Germany. More than 7,300 Lancasters were built during the war, 430 of them in Canada. This machine was restored by the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum and carries the insignia of the Lancaster B Mk X in which Pilot Officer Andrew Charles Mynarski (1916-1944) gave his life to save his comrades. Mynarski was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross for his heroism. (Canadian Department of National Defence, 89-787)

Site: National Defence

Victoria Cross presentation, 1944

Type: Image

King George VI awards the Victoria Cross to Major John K. Mahoney of the Westminster Regiment (Motor), part of the 5th Canadian Armoured Division, for his heroism in the battle of the Melfa River in Italy on 24 May 1944. (Canadian Department of National Defence, ZK-804)

Site: National Defence