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Subject > Armed Forces > Military Life > Recruitment and Demobilization

Date > 1600 > 1670-1679 > 1677

A "Royal" Garrison

Type: Document

From 1668 through the early 1680s, the French royal garrison declined in strength. As the French strength declined, the Iroquois began to think again of war, and the diplomatic skills of Count Frontenac were much needed to keep the peace. When conflict finally broke out in 1682, Governor de La Barre was very short of professional soldiers.

Site: National Defence

Marriage and Colonization

Type: Document

Soldiers who finished there term of enlistment were often encouraged to marry and settle in New France, to increase the population of the colony. These men were an important source of new colonists, and were given land to start farms.

Site: National Defence

Nobles and Commoners

Type: Document

The French nobility wanted to forbid commoners positions as military officers. Louis XIV favoured competence above all else, but his successors gradually capitulated. The colonial forces were attractive to non-noble officers, since the nobility preferred to stay in France.

Site: National Defence

Recruitment

Type: Document

Most of the British army was recruited in Great Britain. By the mid-19th century, half of the men were English or Welsh, one third Irish and the remainder Scottish. Recruits were (in theory) volunteers signed up by a regimental recruiting party, and service was for life (until 1847).

Site: National Defence

The Establishment of a Canadian Militia

Type: Document

In 1669, King Louis XIV ordered Governor de Courcelles to create a militia from the Canadian settlers. Governor Frontenac did much work after his appointment in 1672 to organize the institution in each parish within the colony.

Site: National Defence

In the Regiment

Type: Document

New recruits to the British army during the 18th and 19th centuries were sent to a regimental depot. There, they were issued clothing and equipment and started to learn how to drill and to handle a weapon. They were given a (cursory) medical and formally enlisted before a magistrate.

Site: National Defence