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Subject > Armed Forces > Military Life > Military in Peacetime

Date > 1600 > 1670-1679

New France Expands

Type: Document

A series of journeys by French explorers into the interior of North America was followed by the growth of a strong French presence in Louisiana and Illinois. A strong military presence administered and oversaw the new regions.

Site: National Defence

Retirement

Type: Document

Prior to 1712, discharged soldiers had no sort of pension to fall back upon when they left the military. They were forced to beg, or rely on religious charity if they were unable to earn their living.

Site: National Defence

A "Royal" Garrison

Type: Document

From 1668 through the early 1680s, the French royal garrison declined in strength. As the French strength declined, the Iroquois began to think again of war, and the diplomatic skills of Count Frontenac were much needed to keep the peace. When conflict finally broke out in 1682, Governor de La Barre was very short of professional soldiers.

Site: National Defence

Irregular Soldiers And Hardened Voyageurs

Type: Document

French colonists in Canada were skilled at shooting and using canoes and snowshoes to travel great distances. These skills were useful for mounting military raids. The Canadians were reluctant to fight in the militia during the 1670s, but became more enthusiastic when war with the Iroquois resumed.

Site: National Defence

The Establishment of a Canadian Militia

Type: Document

In 1669, King Louis XIV ordered Governor de Courcelles to create a militia from the Canadian settlers. Governor Frontenac did much work after his appointment in 1672 to organize the institution in each parish within the colony.

Site: National Defence

A Different Model

Type: Document

During the 18th century, the British colonies in what is now Atlantic Canada were very different from their counterparts further south in New England. The northern colonies had a strong military presence, relatively small civilian populations, and no strong militia.

Site: National Defence