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Subject > Armed Forces > Military Life

Resource Type > Image

Date > 1700 > 1730-1739

Militiamen raising the May pole in front of their captain’s house

Type: Image

The tradition of raising the May pole in front of the Militia captain's house, which began in the era of New France, went on in French Canada until the middle of the 19th century.

Site: National Defence

Canadian militiamen, first half of the 18th century

Type: Image

These men show the sort of clothing that Canadian militiamen would have worn on service during the first half of the 18th century. At centre is a Militia captain, identified by the sword he carries and the gilt gorget he wears around his neck. This officer is also equipped to fight, with a powder horn and musket. The other three figures are common soldiers, armed with muskets and wearing the style of coat known as a capot. Reconstruction by Francis Back. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

Officer, Compagnies franches de la Marine, New France, circa 1735

Type: Image

After 1732, officers in Canada officially adopted uniforms. Before that time, their dress was subject only to fashion and the wishes of their commanding officer. This man's gorget (a small piece of throat armour worn when on duty) and half-pike mark him out as an officer. Reconstruction by Michel Pétard. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

'Cat of nine tails' whip

Type: Image

The ‘cat of nine tails’ was a whip used to flog soldiers. This one was used in the British 83rd Regiment of Foot. The length of the wooden stick was 43cm (1' 5"), its tails 53cm (1' 9"), and it weighed 141,75 g. (5 ounces). (Library of the Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Amerindian warriors, first half of the 18th century

Type: Image

These Amerindian warriors show some of the variations of appearance to be seen in the first half of the 18th century. Despite their adoption of many European weapons and articles of clothing, the first nations preserved a resolutely Amerindian look by integrating all this with their tattoos and body paint. The central figure is a chief. Reconstruction by David Rickman. (Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Drummer, Compagnies franches de la Marine, New France, 1716-1730

Type: Image

This drummer wears the livery of the King of France. His clothing style dates him between 1716 and 1730. Reconstruction by Michel Pétard. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

Soldier dressed for an expedition, Compagnies franches de la Marine, mid-18th century

Type: Image

The Compagnies franches de la Marine wore short capots, leggings, breechcloths and mocassins when making lengthy expeditions through the forest. Two things identify this man as a soldier. The first item is the cartridge box on his belt, stamped with the arms of France. The second clue is the nightcap-like bonnet de police in the light grey and blue colours of the Compagnies franches. Reconstruction by Francis Back. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

Soldier dressed for an expedition, Compagnies franches de la Marine, mid-18th century

Type: Image

The Compagnies franches de la Marine wore short capots, leggings, breechcloths and mocassins when making lengthy expeditions through the forest. Two things identify this man as a soldier. The first item is the cartridge box on his belt, stamped with the arms of France. The second clue is the nightcap-like bonnet de police in the light grey and blue colours of the Compagnies franches. Reconstruction by Francis Back. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

Sergeant and soldier, Compagnies franches de la Marine, New France, 1716-1730

Type: Image

Both of these men wear the grey-white coat of France with the blue facings of the Troupes de la Marine. The sergeant (left) is distinguished by gold laced buttonholes on his coat cuffs, and he carries a halbard - a weapon particular to his rank. The common soldier is armed with a musket, sword and bayonet, and his cartridge pouch is decorated with an anchor. Reconstruction by Michel Pétard. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence