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Subject > Armed Forces > Military Intelligence and Espionage

Date > 1700 > 1780-1789

North to Alaska

Type: Document

Bad weather along the British Columbia coast kept Captain Cook's 1778 expedition out of sight of land until he reached Alaska, preventing confirmation that no Northwest Passage existed south of Alaska.

Site: National Defence

Spanish Reaction

Type: Document

The Spanish hoped to intercept Captain Cook's British expedition to the Pacific in 1778. They missed Cook, but were able to further map the northwest coast of America. In 1787, Spain renewed efforts to counter English, American and Russian traders in the region.

Site: National Defence

Continued Spanish Exploration

Type: Document

In 1789, a Spanish naval expedition under scientist Captain Alejandro Malaspina left Spain for the Pacific. His mission was to study the strength of other European powers in the Pacific, and to carry out a detailed exploration of the northwest coast of North America.

Site: National Defence