History Browser

Search Results

Subject > Armed Forces > Naval Forces and Merchant Navy

Date > 1700 > 1750-1759 > 1759

Compagnies franches de la Marine (Warships)

Type: Document

The names of troops raised by the French Ministry of Marine often confuse people. There were separate units of Compagnies franches de la Marine to serve aboard warships. These troops had nothing to do with the Compagnies franches found in Canada.

Site: National Defence

The Military Art of the American Northwest

Type: Document

War in the Pacific Northwest centred around the canoe, which could be up to 20 metres long. Flotillas of canoes would attack enemy villages, hoping to capture prisoners to keep as slaves. Coastal forts of cedar logs were to be found, used to help control and tax maritime trade.

Site: National Defence

War and the Foundation of Canada - The Seven Years’ War

Type: Document

During the 1750s, British North American colonies grew to the point that they began to spread into territory already occupied by the French colonies and First Peoples. After the expulsion of British settlers in 1754, an undeclared war broke out between French and British colonies.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Frigate under construction, around the mid-eighteenth century

Type: Image

This contemporary print show the hull of a frigate being covered with planks. To form the skin of the hull, shaped planks are being made and then attached to the ship's ribs. Note the finished plank being hoisted into place by a derrick at centre. (Museo Naval, Madrid)

Site: National Defence

Montcalm Launches Fireboats - Battle for Quebec - Battle for a Continent

Type: DocumentFilm and Video

At midnight, June 28th, 1759, General Marquis de Montcalm launches his attack. He sends boats and rafts carrying gunpowder to ignite their cargo near the English fleet, anchored off Ile d'Orleans. From the television series "Canada: A People's History." Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, video clips, and biography of General Montcalm.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

A Series of Amerindian Nations

Type: Document

During the eighteenth century, the northwest Pacific coast was home to a series of Amerindian nations, including the Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, Nootka and Salish. These were maritime cultures - excellent sailors and fishermen who depended on the sea's resources

Site: National Defence

Planned Invasion Above Cap Rouge - Battle for Quebec - Battle for a Continent

Type: Document

Facing possible humiliating defeat in Quebec, General Wolfe goes against his three brigadiers' plans for an invasion upriver, after bad weather causes delays. Instead, Wolfe wanders downriver and lands 5000 men at l'Anse au Foulon, a point which offered no plausible route to the fortress. From the television series "Canada: A People's History." Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, and video clips.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

War and the Foundation of Canada - The Siege Of Québec

Type: Document

Major-General James Wolfe and 4800 British troops finally capture Quebec City after an intense battle on the Plains of Abraham.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Meagre French Resources, Strong British Effort

Type: Document

French fears of an attack on Quebec were confirmed when a British fleet appeared in mid-June 1759. It carried a formidable force of British regular troops, commanded by General James Wolfe. A favourite of King George II, Wolfe was erratic but beloved by his soldiers.

Site: National Defence

Careening in the mid-eighteenth century

Type: Image

After several months at sea, ships' hulls became encrusted with small mollusks and worms, damaging them and slowing down the ships. Ships then had to be careened. This long and tedious operation, done at the naval yards of Quebec City and Louisbourg, consisted of inclining the ship and 'heating' its hull, that is, burning the crust off the planks with torches. (Museo Naval, Madrid)

Site: National Defence