History Browser

Search Results

Subject > Armed Forces > Naval Forces and Merchant Navy

Date > 1700 > 1750-1759 > 1755

Compagnies franches de la Marine (Warships)

Type: Document

The names of troops raised by the French Ministry of Marine often confuse people. There were separate units of Compagnies franches de la Marine to serve aboard warships. These troops had nothing to do with the Compagnies franches found in Canada.

Site: National Defence

The Military Art of the American Northwest

Type: Document

War in the Pacific Northwest centred around the canoe, which could be up to 20 metres long. Flotillas of canoes would attack enemy villages, hoping to capture prisoners to keep as slaves. Coastal forts of cedar logs were to be found, used to help control and tax maritime trade.

Site: National Defence

The French And British Navies

Type: Document

Both Britain and France needed strong navies to protect their coasts, fishing fleets and colonies. The peak of French naval power was during the 1690s, when it dominated the coasts of England. Defeated in 1692, the French navy declined in quality and strength from that point on.

Site: National Defence

Frigate under construction, around the mid-eighteenth century

Type: Image

This contemporary print show the hull of a frigate being covered with planks. To form the skin of the hull, shaped planks are being made and then attached to the ship's ribs. Note the finished plank being hoisted into place by a derrick at centre. (Museo Naval, Madrid)

Site: National Defence

A Series of Amerindian Nations

Type: Document

During the eighteenth century, the northwest Pacific coast was home to a series of Amerindian nations, including the Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, Nootka and Salish. These were maritime cultures - excellent sailors and fishermen who depended on the sea's resources

Site: National Defence

It's War!

Type: Document

War between Britain and France began in the North Atlantic on June 8, 1755, when warships of the Royal Navy fired upon ships of the French convoy taking reinforcements to New France. This act of war preceded the formal declaration of war by a year.

Site: National Defence

Careening in the mid-eighteenth century

Type: Image

After several months at sea, ships' hulls became encrusted with small mollusks and worms, damaging them and slowing down the ships. Ships then had to be careened. This long and tedious operation, done at the naval yards of Quebec City and Louisbourg, consisted of inclining the ship and 'heating' its hull, that is, burning the crust off the planks with torches. (Museo Naval, Madrid)

Site: National Defence

The Future Of Louisbourg

Type: Document

Louisbourg remained the key to French maritime activity on the Atlantic coast of New France. However, its small population and close proximity to the new and rapidly growing British port of Halifax were signs of trouble ahead.

Site: National Defence

A Russian Challenge

Type: Document

From 1725, Imperial Russia challenged the exclusive Spanish interest in the Pacific. With voyages of exploration, trade and small-scale settlement, the Russians established a presence in Alaska. The Spanish feared they would move south into northern California, too.

Site: National Defence

Halifax, Key To The Atlantic

Type: Document

Britain founded the town of Halifax as a fortified naval base after losing control of Louisbourg in 1749. The garrison was supplemented by a strong militia.

Site: National Defence