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Subject > Armed Forces > Naval Forces and Merchant Navy

Date > 1700 > 1750-1759

Compagnies franches de la Marine (Warships)

Type: Document

The names of troops raised by the French Ministry of Marine often confuse people. There were separate units of Compagnies franches de la Marine to serve aboard warships. These troops had nothing to do with the Compagnies franches found in Canada.

Site: National Defence

The Military Art of the American Northwest

Type: Document

War in the Pacific Northwest centred around the canoe, which could be up to 20 metres long. Flotillas of canoes would attack enemy villages, hoping to capture prisoners to keep as slaves. Coastal forts of cedar logs were to be found, used to help control and tax maritime trade.

Site: National Defence

War and the Foundation of Canada - The Seven Years’ War

Type: Document

During the 1750s, British North American colonies grew to the point that they began to spread into territory already occupied by the French colonies and First Peoples. After the expulsion of British settlers in 1754, an undeclared war broke out between French and British colonies.

Site: Canadian War Museum

The French And British Navies

Type: Document

Both Britain and France needed strong navies to protect their coasts, fishing fleets and colonies. The peak of French naval power was during the 1690s, when it dominated the coasts of England. Defeated in 1692, the French navy declined in quality and strength from that point on.

Site: National Defence

Frigate under construction, around the mid-eighteenth century

Type: Image

This contemporary print show the hull of a frigate being covered with planks. To form the skin of the hull, shaped planks are being made and then attached to the ship's ribs. Note the finished plank being hoisted into place by a derrick at centre. (Museo Naval, Madrid)

Site: National Defence

Montcalm Launches Fireboats - Battle for Quebec - Battle for a Continent

Type: DocumentFilm and Video

At midnight, June 28th, 1759, General Marquis de Montcalm launches his attack. He sends boats and rafts carrying gunpowder to ignite their cargo near the English fleet, anchored off Ile d'Orleans. From the television series "Canada: A People's History." Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, video clips, and biography of General Montcalm.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

A Series of Amerindian Nations

Type: Document

During the eighteenth century, the northwest Pacific coast was home to a series of Amerindian nations, including the Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, Nootka and Salish. These were maritime cultures - excellent sailors and fishermen who depended on the sea's resources

Site: National Defence

It's War!

Type: Document

War between Britain and France began in the North Atlantic on June 8, 1755, when warships of the Royal Navy fired upon ships of the French convoy taking reinforcements to New France. This act of war preceded the formal declaration of war by a year.

Site: National Defence

Planned Invasion Above Cap Rouge - Battle for Quebec - Battle for a Continent

Type: Document

Facing possible humiliating defeat in Quebec, General Wolfe goes against his three brigadiers' plans for an invasion upriver, after bad weather causes delays. Instead, Wolfe wanders downriver and lands 5000 men at l'Anse au Foulon, a point which offered no plausible route to the fortress. From the television series "Canada: A People's History." Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, and video clips.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

War and the Foundation of Canada - The Siege Of Québec

Type: Document

Major-General James Wolfe and 4800 British troops finally capture Quebec City after an intense battle on the Plains of Abraham.

Site: Canadian War Museum