Chronology of Major Battles from 1755 – 1870
June 3 - 16: 2,000 Anglo-Americans besiege and take Fort Beauséjour, New Brunswick.
June 8: The British fleet carries out a surprise attack on a French convoy off the coast of Newfoundland and takes two ships; the others manage to escape.
July 9: Battle of the Monongahela, Pennsylvania: 250 soldiers and militiamen, accompanied by 600 Amerindians, defeat 2,200 British soldiers.
August 8: The French ambush a corps of American troops near Fort Edward, New York.
September 8: An attack led by French General Dieskau at Lake George, New York, is repelled by American troops led by Colonel William Johnson.
March 27: The French and the Canadians take Fort Bull, New York, with the help of merindians.
August 10 - 14: General Montcalm, leading 3,000 men, attacks and takes British forts at Oswego, New York, defended by Colonel Mercer and 1,800 men.
March: François-Pierre de Rigaud de Vaudreuil leads 1,200 men on successful raids near Fort William Henry (Lake George, New York).
August 3 - 6: Montcalm, with 6,000 French and Canadians, supported by 1,600 Amerindians, attacks and takes Fort William Henry, defended by 2,500 men under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel George Monroe.
June 2 -July 26: The British lay siege to and take the Fortress of Louisbourg.
July 8: The Battle of Carillon (Ticonderoga, New York): Montcalm, with 3,600 men, wards off an attack by a 15,000-man Anglo-American army commanded by Major-General James Abercromby.
August 25 - 28: Lieutenant-Colonel John Bradstreet, leading 3,000 Anglo-Americans, attacks and takes Fort Frontenac (Kingston, Ontario).
September 14: The French repulse a British attack near Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania).
October and November: The French carry out victorious raids near Fort Ligonier, Pennsylvania.
End of June - September 17: General James Wolfe attacks Quebec with 23,000 British seamen and soldiers; the city is defended by 15,000 soldiers and militiamen.
July 9 - 25: Successful siege of Fort Niagara, which is taken.
July 24: Battle of La Belle Famille (near Fort Niagara): the Anglo-Americans, supported by the Amerindians, crush French reinforcements from Ohio.
July 31: British troops attempt to disembark at Montmorency, near Quebec, and are repulsed by the French army.
September 13: Battle of the Plains of Abraham: Wolfe defeats Montcalm.
April 28: The French and the Canadians rout the British at Sainte-Foy near Quebec City.
May 15: The French frigate the Atalante is taken near Cap Rouge, Quebec.
July: A fleet commanded by Lieutenant François Chenard de la Giraudais, consisting of four cargo vessels and the frigate Machault, is pursued all the way to Restigouche and defeated on July 8 by five British ships under the command of Captain John Byron.
August 17: The British take the French ship the Outaouaise at Pointe au Baril (near Prescott, Ontario).
August 18 - 25: The British lay siege to and take Fort Lévis (near Prescott, Ontario).
August 16 - 28: An Anglo-American army lays siege to Î1e-aux-Noix, Quebec; the French forces evacuate the island during the night of August 27-28.
June 24 and September 13: A French fleet with 650 soldiers under the command of Chevalier de Ternay capture Bay Bulls and St. John's, Newfoundland, on June 24; on September 13 the British retake St. John's.
May -June: A federation of the Amerindian nations of the Great Lakes area rally around Algonquin Chief Pontiac and takes several forts between Michilimackinac and Pittsburgh.
May - October: Some 1,000 Amerindians under Pontiac lay siege to Fort Detroit, defended by 450 men under the command of Major Henry Gladwyn.
July 29: At Ruisseau Parent (later renamed Bloody Run), James Dalyell, with 247 men, loses a night battle against Amerindians outside Fort Detroit.
August 6: Colonel Henry Bouquet's army crushes the Amerindians at Bushy Run, Pennsylvania.
September 18 - November 3: 2,000 Americans led by General Richard Montgomery lay siege to and take Fort Saint Jean (Saint-Jean, Quebec), which has in garrison 522 soldiers and 90 Canadian militiamen under the command of Major Charles Preston.
October 18: Fort Chambly surrenders to the Americans.
November 25: Canadian militiamen and British soldiers defeat an American army commanded by Ethan Allen at Longue-Pointe near Montreal.
December 6 - May 6, 1776: The Americans lay siege to Quebec.
December 31: American assaults on Quebec are repelled.
June 8: The British fend off an American counterattack near Trois-Rivières, Quebec.
June 19 and 21: At Vaudreuil, to the west of Montreal, British soldiers, Canadian militiamen and Amerindians take Fort-aux-Cèdres and prepare an ambush, which defeats the Americans.
November 4: At Valcour Island, New York, the British fleet, commanded by Captain Thomas Pringle, defeats the American fleet on Lake Champlain, commanded by Benedict Arnold.
November 10 - December 28: American troops under the command of Jonathan Eddy lay siege to Fort Cumberland (formerly Fort Beauséjour), defended by Loyalist soldiers; the siege is lifted when British reinforcements arrive.
August 6: At Oriskany, near Fort Stanwix (Rome, New York), a troop of Amerindians and Butler's Rangers defeats the Americans; the British then unsuccessfully lay siege to the fort during the month of August.
October 17: The British army is defeated at Saratoga, New York.
July 3 - 4: Colonel John Butler carries out a series of raids in the Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania, with his Rangers and with Amerindian support.
November 11: A troop of 520 men, consisting of Butler's Rangers and Amerindians, attacks Cherry Valley (near Albany, New York).
July 21: Two French warships, the Astrée and the Hermine, under the command of Jean-François Galaup de Lapérouse, attack a British convoy near Cape Breton Island and take two ships.
August 5 and 12: At Brownstown and Maguaga, Michigan, British and Canadian soldiers and Amerindians rout American reinforcements sent to defend Detroit.
August 15 - 16: British forces, commanded by General Isaac Brock, lay siege to and take Detroit.
October 9: The Americans take the Caledonia and destroy the Detroit near Fort Erie.
October 13: The Americans are warded off at the Battle of Queenston Heights (Ontario).
January 22: The Americans are crushed at Frenchtown (Monroe, Michigan).
February 22: Lieutenant-Colonel George Macdonell takes Ogdensburg, New York, with detachments of the Glengarry Light Infantry and the 8th Regiment, as well as some militiamen.
April 27: The Americans take York (Toronto).
May 1 - 7: The British and Amerindians lay siege to Fort Meigs, Ohio; they do not succeed in taking it, but do crush the American reinforcements.
May 27: The Americans take Newark (Niagara-on-the-lake, Ontario) and Fort George.
May 28: A British attack on Sacket's Harbor, New York, fails.
June 3: British soldiers and Canadian militiamen take the American vessels the Growler and the Eagle at Île-aux-Noix.
June 6: The Americans are repulsed at Stoney Creek, Ontario.
June 24: The Amerindians defeat the Americans at Beaver Dam, Ontario.
July 2: The British and Amerindians are repulsed at Fort Stephenson, Ohio.
September 10: At Put-In-Bay, Ohio, an American squadron of nine ships defeats a squadron of six British ships.
September 28: The British fleet of Sir James Lucas Yeo is forced to retreat by the fleet of American Commodore Isaac Chauncey near Burlington, Ontario.
October 5: The British and Amerindians are defeated at Moraviantown, Ontario.
October 26: General Hampton's American army is defeated by an advance party of Canadians at Allen's Corners, along the Châteauguay River in Quebec.
November 11: General Wilkinson's American army is defeated at Crysler's Farm (Morrisburg, Ontario) by a British and Canadian corps.
December 16: The British take Fort Niagara.
May 6: The British take Oswego, New York.
July 5: The Americans are victorious at Chippewa, Ontario.
July 19: The Amerindians are victorious over an American column at Rock River Rapids, Wisconsin.
July 25: An Anglo-Canadian army repels the American army at Lundy's Lane, Ontario.
August 4: An American attack on Mackinac, Michigan, is repulsed.
August 13 - September 21: The British and the Canadians unsuccessfully lay siege to Fort Erie, Ontario.
September 3: The British rout the Americans at Hampden, Maine.
September 3 and 6: The American ships the Tigress and the Scorpion are taken.
September 11: British and Canadian forces are defeated at Plattsburgh, New York.
June 19: At Seven Oaks (Winnipeg), during a battle between the Métis and Amerindians of the North West Company, under the command of Cuthbert Grant, and the Scottish colonists of the Hudson's Bay Company, led by Governor Robert Semple, Semple and 20 colonists are killed.
November 23: The Patriotes defeat British troops at SaintDenis, Quebec.
November 25: British troops defeat the Patriotes at SaintCharles, Quebec.
December 7: Militiamen repel the Patriots at Montgomery's Tavern, north of Toronto.
December 14: British troops and loyal volunteers defeat the Patriotes at Saint-Eustache, Quebec.
December 29: The Patriot ship the Caroline is taken and destroyed.
January 8 - 9: The militia repel a Patriot attack on Amherstburg, Ontario.
March 3: A Patriot attack is repelled at Pelee Island, Ontario.
December 4: The Patriots are repelled at Windsor, Ontario.
December 7 and 9: The Patriotes are defeated at Lacolle and Odelltown, Quebec.
December 11 - 16: The Patriots are besieged in a windmill near Prescott, Ontario.
July 19: An officer and some seamen of the HMS Daedalus, searching for Amerindian murderers, are injured by the Newittys at Bull Harbour, British Columbia; the seamen attack and raze the village.
August: Ambushes and combats cause many deaths in the Okanagan and Fraser valleys (in British Columbia) between gold-diggers, mostly American, and Amerindians; the two sides make peace at the end of the month before the arrival of troops sent in to restore order.
May 17: The HMS Forward shells the Haida camp of Cape Mudge as a form of reprisal against acts of piracy; the guilty are arrested.
April - June: The HMS Forward shells an Amerindian village on Kuper Island, British Columbia, after some colonists are killed, and pursues Chief Acheewan for two months.
April - August: Several workers and colonists die in ambushes by Chilcotin Amerindians in British Columbia during April and May; the HMS Forward and the HMS Sutlej, as well as volunteers, chase after them; after a few skirmishes, the Amerindians make peace and turn over the killers.
October 3 - 12: The Royal Navy shells and destroys nine Amerindian villages at Clayoquot, British Columbia.
December 22: The Royal Navy shells and destroys an Amerindian village near Fort Rupert, British Columbia, to obtain the surrender of three Kwakiutl Amerindians who had killed a Newitty Amerindian.
June 2: The Fenians defeat Canadian volunteers at Ridgeway and Fort Erie, Ontario.
June 8: The Fenians retreat at Pidgeon Hill, Quebec.
May 3: The Royal Navy shells and destroys an Amerindian village at Hesquiat, British Columbia, because they pillaged a ship that had run aground and killed its survivors.
May 25: Canadian volunteers repulse the Fenians at Eccles Hill, Quebec.
May 27: British troops and Canadian volunteers repulse the Fenians at Trout River, Quebec.
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