The Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812

The British and Canadian Forces

Upper Canadian Militia of Dubious Loyalty

The Upper Canada militia, though, was a source of considerable worry. Governor General Prevost reported to Lord Liverpool, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, that "it would perhaps not be prudent" 64 to arm more than 4,000 of the 11,000 militiamen in the province in the event of war! This mistrust was the result of the fact that more than half the population was of American origin. In addition, the conduct of the Legislative Assembly was making the political situation unstable. In March 1812 General Isaac Brock, both "President" and administrator of Upper Canada, was nevertheless able to convince the politicians to approve a significant defensive measure. Each militia regiment in Upper Canada would include two Flank companies of volunteers who would train six days per month. In emergencies, they would immediately be mobilized and serve for up to six months.