The Revolt of Pontiac and the American Invasion

Military and Civilian Organization

Social Changes

The system was a great novelty for the people of former New France, and it led to major social changes. Because of this form of organization, the officers were no longer recruited from among the colonial gentlemen, which deprived the Canadian elite of its main source of employment, income and influence. The soldiers were also affected. After their term of service was over, many soldiers of the French Compagnies franches de la Marine had settled in Canada. This became less and less feasible under the new system, because the regular army was, rather than an integral part of society, a group of foreigners isolated in the very midst of the colonial population.