The Military Empire

The End Of The Foxes

Last Struggles of the Foxes

Only about 50 Fox warriors escaped the massacre. Their nation had been virtually extinguished, but the French had still not heard the last of them. Three years later, reinforced by a new alliance with the Sauks (or Sacs), they retaliated by attacking the French near La Baie. Twelve were killed, including four officers, and 16 wounded, of whom five were officers. Beauharnois was criticized by the Minister of the Navy. This strengthened the governor general's resolve to eliminate what seemed to be an indestructible nation, as well as its new allies. Commandant Noyelles was assigned this task, and in August 1734 he left Montreal for Iowa, where the Foxes were living, leading a force of 210 men including 130 Amerindian allies, whose numbers were increased during the trip by others. The party did not arrive until April 1735, exhausted by the long march and with its morale sapped by numerous desertions on the part of its Amerindian allies. This time, the Foxes and their Sauk allies held the numerical advantage. After a few skirmishes, during which two officers were killed, a peace treaty was concluded. The Foxes, so powerful just ten years earlier, had lost their territory and were reduced to a small remnant of their former numbers. It seemed pointless to continue fighting. Two years later, Beauharnois finally pardoned the Foxes, which helped to increase French influence in upper Louisiana.