Back

Short Sunderland Mk. I flying boat, Royal Air Force, 1940

Caption: Short Sunderland Mk. I flying boat, Royal Air Force, 1940

The Sunderland flying boat was a development of Short Brothers pre-war 'S.23' trans-Atlantic mail aircraft. The big four-engined aircraft was used for long range reconnaissance and anti-submarine missions by the Royal Air Force from 1939 to 1945. The Sunderland was very well armed, and capable of defending itself against enemy fighters, or sinking submarines. The Royal Canadian Air Force had two squadrons equipped with Sunderland Mk. II and Mk. III aircraft. 422 and 423 (General Reconnaissance) Squadrons were part of RAF Coastal Command in Britain, and recorded seven enemy submarines sunk. (Private collection)