Back

The fight of the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia, Hampton Roads, Virginia, 9 March 1862

Caption: The fight of the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia, Hampton Roads, Virginia, 9 March 1862

The naval battle between the Confederate States' heavily armed ironclad steamship CSS Virginia (the much altered former USS Merrimack) against the Union navy’s iron ship USS Monitor on 9 March 1862 caused a revolution in naval battle tactics. With its low profile and a rotating turret with only two guns, the Monitor prevailed over her opponent thus establishing the superiority of ships mounted with turrets. Military and political authorities in Canada and Britain followed these developments closely. Contemporary engraving.