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The transfer of Louisiana from France to the United States at New Orleans, 20 December 1803

Caption: The transfer of Louisiana from France to the United States at New Orleans, 20 December 1803

The transfer of Louisiana to the United States in 1803 had a considerable political and geostrategic impact on Canada’s western expansion through the 19th century. This late-19th century picture shows the handover ceremony. At left, are seen French officers. At the centre, an American soldier raises the stars and stripes while two figures in French uniforms gather the French tricolour. The American soldiers at right are uniformed according to uniform plates by Henry Ogden published in 1888. In the background is the old “Cabildo” building and the St. Louis cathedral as it appeared in 1803 before its spires were added.